चेन्नई आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ

विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून
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ह्या लेखाचा/विभागाचा इंग्रजी किंवा अमराठी भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत भाषांतर करावयाचे बाकी आहे. अनुवाद करण्यास आपलाही सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाईन शब्दकोश आणि इतर सहाय्या करिता भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.



चेन्नई आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ
(मद्रास आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ)

Meenambakkam Airport
சென்னை பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம்
ChennaiAirport.jpg
आहसंवि: MAAआप्रविको: VOMM
माहिती
विमानतळ प्रकार पब्लिक
मालक भारत सरकार
प्रचालक भारतीय विमानतळ प्राधिकरण
कोण्या शहरास सेवा चेन्नई महानगर
स्थळ तिरुसुलम, चेन्नई (मद्रास), तमिळनाडू, भारत
हब
उन्नतन(एलिव्हेशन)  सरासरी समुद्र- सपाटीच्या वर 52 फू / 16 मी
गुणक (भौगोलिक) 12°58′56″N 80°9′49″E / 12.98222, 80.16361
धावपट्टी
दिशा लांबी पृष्ठभाग
फू मी
07/25 12,001 3,658 Asphalt
12/30 6,708 2,045 AsphaltConcrete
सांख्यिकी (२००७-०८)
प्रवासी १०,६५९,७५४
सामान वाह्तुक टनामध्ये २७०,६०८
विमान ११५,८६५
Source: DAFIF[१][२]

अण्णा आंतरराष्ट्रीय व कामराज आंतर्देशीय विमानतळ (आहसंवि: MAAआप्रविको: VOMM) (तमिळः சென்னை பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம் चेन्नै पन्नाट्टु वानुर्ति निलैयम), पूर्वाश्रमीचे मद्रास आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ हे चेन्नई शहराच्या दक्षिणेस ६ किमी अंतरावर तिरुसुलम या भागात आहे. या विमानतळाचे सामान चढ-उताराचा प्रवेश मीनांबक्कम येथे आहे. हे भारतातील एक मोठे आंतराराष्ट्रीय दळणवळणाचे केंद्र आहे,तसेच ते भारतातील तिसरा मोठा विमानतळ आहे (मुंबई आणि दिल्ली नंतर). अंदाजे वर्षाकाठी १ कोटी वीस लाख प्रवासी (२००७ सालचे आकडे) येथून देशात तसेच परदेशात २५ पेक्षा जास्त विमानवाहतूक कंपन्यांच्या सेवा वापरुन ये-जा करतात.


इतिहास[संपादन]

मीनांबक्कम येथील जुने टर्मिनल/विमानतळ

चेन्नई आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळाहुन १९५४ मध्येपहिले उड़्डान मुंबई करिता बेळगाव मार्गे झाले होते. पहिला विमान टर्मिनल हवाइ पट्टीच्या ईशान्य बाजूस बांधण्यात आले होते, की जे मीनारबक्कम् उप्नगराच्या बाजूने होते, त्यामूळे नामांतर मीनांबक्कम करण्यात आले. कालांतराने तिरूसलाम मध्ये नवीन टर्मिनल बांधण्यात आले. इथुन नवीन प्रवाशी सुविधा सुरु करण्यात आल्या. जुन्या इमारतीत सामान अढ उताराकरिता वापरण्यात येते.

स्थापत्यप्रकार[संपादन]

चेन्नई विमानतळ/रात्रीचे दृश्य

चेन्नई आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळाला तीन टर्मिनल आहेत. मीनांबक्कम येथील जुने टर्मिनल आता मालसामानासाठी वापरले जाते तर तिरुसुलम येथील अंदर्देशीय व आंतरराष्ट्रीय अशी दोन नवीन टर्मिनल प्रवासी वापरता. यांना कामराज टर्मिनल आणि अण्णा टर्मिनल अशी नावे आहेत. ही दोन प्रवासी टर्मिनल जोडलेली आहेत.

The first part to be built was the international terminal which had two aerobridges (jetways), followed by the domestic terminal with three aerobridges. After the completion of the domestic terminal, the old terminal at Meenambakkam was used exclusively for cargo. Recently the international terminal was extended further south by adding a new block which includes three aerobridges. At present, the new international block is used for departures while the older building is used for arrivals.

आकडेवारी आणि ठळक गोष्टी[संपादन]

साचा:Refimprove Currently, Chennai airport handles about 25 aircraft movements every hour, which will be saturated by the year 2014-15. However, peak hour traffic handling capability will be exhausted much earlier than that. Anna International Terminal handled 3,410,253 passengers in 2007-08 and has the capacity of handling 3M passengers annually, Already it has surpassed the passenger handling capacity. Similarly, Kamaraj Domestic Terminal, which handled 7,249,501 passengers in 2007-08, has the capacity to handle 6 million passengers annually. Here again the terminal demand far exceeds the capacity. In all Chennai airport handled a capacity of 10,659,754 passengers in 2007 - 08. The airport handled cargo of a total of 270,608 tonnes in 2007 - 08[ संदर्भ हवा ].

  • In 2007-08, the existing airport handled 1,15,865 aircraft movements and its capacity to handle aircraft movements is likely to be saturated by 2014-15.
  • The existing airport can handle about 25 aircraft movement per hour and even after expansion, the airport will get saturated by 2014-15 and the Greenfield Airport has to be ready by then. The same logic has been applied in मुंबई, where the Navi Mumbai International Airport is to be ready by the time, the existing one gets saturated around the same time.
  • The AAI is of the view that a logical thing would be to construct a new domestic terminal and allow simultaneous use of the cross runways there. These things can take us through till the year 2015.

सन्मान[संपादन]

  • Third biggest in the country in terms of passengers, and second biggest in terms of cargo
  • First ISO 9000 certified airport in the country, which it received in 2001
  • 1st to have international, domestic and cargo terminals adjacent to each other
  • 1st to have aerobridge (at domestic terminal)
  • 1st to have walkalators (at the international terminal)
  • 1st to use domestic terminal for international flight on wheels
  • 1st to supply free mineral water through designated water coolers at Kamaraj domestic terminal & Anna international terminal
  • 1st to introduce paper cups at Airport to make it environment friendly
  • Exclusive sub-urban airport railway station airport, which will soon become an integrated metro rail terminus as well
  • 1st airport to host international operations by private Indian carriers (Jet Airways to Colombo)
  • 2nd to have a runway passing over a river(Secondary runway over Adyar river)(Under Construction)

आधुनिकीकरण आणि विस्तार[संपादन]

चित्र:Chennai Upgraded Terminal.jpg
Upgraded Baggage Claim Area at the international terminal

The Chennai Airport has been slated for modernisation and expansion. The works are to be carried out by the Airports Authority of India and include the creation of a parallel runway, taxiways, aprons and new passenger terminal buildings. The expansion works will involve the acquisition of land in nearby areas. The expansion of the existing airport would be taken up at Manapakkam, Kolapakkam, Gerugambakkam and Tharapakkam in Sriperumbudur taluk after a resolution to this effect was adopted by the government.

The government would provide suitable compensation to 947 households in these areas and also rehabilitation to them. [ संदर्भ हवा ] The rehabilitation of the households would be done in the first phase of the expansion work itself.

The modernisation and restructuring is expected to cost around Rs 2,350 crore, of which the cost of construction of the runway, taxiway and apron would be around Rs 1,100 crore, while the cost of construction of the terminal building, cargo building, car park and face uplift would be Rs 1,250 crore. [ संदर्भ हवा ]

As per the modernisation plan, the secondary runway will be built over the Adyar river by means of a bridge. The runway will extend across Adyar river. A bridge will be built over the river to accommodate the runway and a taxiway. This makes Chennai Airport, the only international airport in India to have a runway across the river[ संदर्भ हवा ]. In Mumbai only an end of the runway is over Mithi river. The secondary runway extension will cost around Rs 430 crore and will be completed in 2010[ संदर्भ हवा ]. [३]

The proposed Chennai Metro Rail Project will connect the Chennai International Airport to various parts of the City. Tentatively, the project is programmed for completion in the financial year 2013-2014.[४]

प्रस्तावित नविन प्रवासी टर्मिनल[संपादन]

The current development projects include construction of a new domestic terminal and expansion of the current International terminal. The design is a collaborative effort of four firms. While Hargreaves Associates has done the landscape design Gensler and Frederic Schwartz Architects are responsible for the design of the passengers terminal buildings, parking garage structures and access roadway access system. The Creative Group would be the local architects for the project. The proposed design will be connected with the existing terminal design elements. It was earlier reported that the new terminal buildings will have a handling capacity of 10 million passengers and when integrated with existing terminals will provide for a handling capacity of 23 million passengers a year. The new terminal buildings are expected to have an area of about 1, 40,000 sq. m. with 140 check-in counters and 60 immigration counters and the two runways would be interconnected by a network of taxiways. The Terminal complex will have a Flyover Travelator connecting the Domestic Terminal and International Terminal for a distance of about 1 km. It will have an elevated road on the top and a tube below which will have two Walkalators[५]

The design details of the runways are handled by the Airports Authority of India, while architecture firms are limited to designing buildings on the landside of the runway. The present proposal is parallel to the existing runway. The entire design as being organised around “two lush sustainable gardens” and the wing-like roofs helps collect rainwater and become part of the garden.[६]

Proposed new integrated cargo complex[संपादन]

An integrated cargo complex will be built in the cargo complex of the Chennai International Airport. The complex would be constructed, at a cost of Rs. 145 crore, in 15 months. While the ground floor would measure 21,000 square metres, the first floor would be built on 12,100 square metres. The new building would be used exclusively for import activities. Once the civil works were completed, the Automatic Storage and Retrieval System would be installed. It would cost Rs. 75 crore.[७]

New Greenfield Airport[संपादन]

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi has announced the setting up of a new greenfield airport at Sriperumbudur and Tiruvallur taluks, apart from the expansion of the existing airport at Tirusulam.

The greenfield airport would come up on ३,४८६.६६ एकर (१४.११०० चौ. किमी), expansion of Chennai airport would be done on १,०६९.९९ एकर (४.३३०१ चौ. किमी) at an estimated cost of Rs 2,000 crore.

Initially the work for the greenfield airports was to be entrusted to the Airports Authority of India (AAI). However, the greenfield airport, coming up at Sriperumbudur near Chennai will be developed under a public-private partnership. The Prime Minister’s Committee has also asked for a pre-feasibility report for this airport.

The greenfield airport will have four runways. Eyeing Chennai airport, leading global airport developers are forging alliances with Indian players for bidding for the project. The companies interested in the project include Singapore Changi Airport, Macquarie Group, GMR Group, GVK Industries Ltd. and Tata Group.

Union Civil Aviation Minister Praful Patel has clarified that “there is no role for the AAI in developing the greenfield airport near Chennai”.

The new airport is expected to be completed within 28 months of work commencement.

Shelving of Greenfield Airport Project[संपादन]

The much-expected second airport at Sriperumbudur may not take off as both the Centre and the state government are preparing to shelve the project.

Even as the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has undertaken a techno-economic feasibility study of the project, a senior official in the Union civil aviation ministry said that the government is convinced that there is no urgent need for a second airport in the city, as the existing airport at Meenambakkam is being expanded.[८]

Transport links[संपादन]

The airport is situated on the busy Grand Southern Trunk Road (National Highway 45) and is also served by the Airport station (Tirusulam) on the Suburban railway network. The proposed Metro Rail System (Chennai Metro) will also connect the Airport with other important places in Chennai.

एर मॉरिशसचे बोईंग ७६७-३००ईआर चेन्नई विमानतळावर
विमानतळ
चित्र:Chennaiairport9.jpg
चेन्नई विमानतळावर थांबलेले कार्गोलक्सचे बोईंग ७४७-४आर७एफ प्रकारचे विमान.

Terminals, Airlines and Destinations[संपादन]

Domestic flights operate from the Kamaraj Domestic Terminal (KDT), while the Anna International Terminal (AIT) is for international flights. The old terminal at Meenambakkam is used for Cargo Operations.

विमान कंपनी गंतव्य स्थान Terminal
Air Arabia Sharjah International
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur, Penang International
Air India Dammam International
Air India operated by Indian Airlines Mumbai, Singapore International
Air-India Express Abu Dhabi, Colombo, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Singapore, Tiruchirapalli, Thiruvananthapuram International
Air India Regional Bagdogra ,Bangalore, Delhi, नागपूर, विशाखापट्टणम Domestic
Air Mauritius Mauritius International
British Airways London-Heathrow International
Cathay Pacific Airways Hong Kong International
Emirates Dubai International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi International
Gulf Air Bahrain International
Indian Airlines Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Cochin, Coimbatore[९], Delhi, Goa, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Madurai, Mumbai, Port Blair, Thiruvananthapuram Domestic
Indian Airlines Colombo, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait International
IndiGo Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune Domestic
Jet Airways Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Cochin, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Madurai, Mumbai, Port Blair, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram Domestic
Jet Airways Brussels, Colombo, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, New York-JFK, Singapore International
JetLite Colombo International
JetLite Delhi, Mumbai, विशाखापट्टणम Domestic
Kingfisher Airlines Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Khajuraho, Kochi, Madurai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Port Blair, Pune, Salem, Tiruchirapalli, Thiruvananthapuram, Tuticorin, Varanasi, विशाखापट्टणम Domestic
Kingfisher Airlines Colombo International
Kuwait Airways Kuwait International
Lufthansa Frankfurt International
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur International
Oman Air Muscat International
Paramount Airways Ahmedabad, Agartala, Bangalore, Cochin, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Madurai, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli Domestic
Qatar Airways Doha International
Saudi Arabian Airlines Jeddah, Riyadh International
SilkAir Singapore [begins 14 June][१०] International
Singapore Airlines Singapore International
SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune Domestic
Sri Lankan Airlines Colombo International
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai International
Tiger Airways Singapore International

Cargo Terminal[संपादन]

विमान कंपनी गंतव्य स्थान
Air India Cargo Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderbad
Atlas Air Cargo New York-JFK
Air China Cargo Beijing, Shanghai-Pudong
Blue Dart Aviation Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad
British Airways World Cargo operated by Global Supply Systems Hong Kong, London-Stansted
Cargolux Luxembourg, Singapore
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong
Deccan 360 Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad
DHL Express WorldWide
Emirates Sky Cargo Dubai, Hong Kong
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi
Expo Aviation Colombo
FedEx Express Dubai, Memphis, Guangzhou-Baiyun, Sharjah
Global Supply Systems Hong Kong, London-Stansted
Great Wall Airlines Shangai
Jade Cargo International Dubai, Shenzhen
Jett8 Airlines Cargo Singapore
KLM Cargo Amsterdam
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Hong Kong, Sharjah , Frankfurt
Midex Airlines Al Ain
Martinair Amsterdam, Bangkok, Muscat, Sharjah
Polar Air Cargo New York-JFK
Qatar Airways Doha
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen, Johannesburg, Nairobi, Sharjah, Singapore
Thai Airways Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi

MRO hangar facility[संपादन]

Airlines that have Hangar facilities at Chennai
Airlines
Air India
Indian Airlines
Kingfisher Airlines

अपघात व दुर्घटना[संपादन]

ऑगस्ट १९८४मध्ये विमानतळापासून १.२ किमी अंतरावर झालेल्या बॉम्बस्फोटात ३३ व्यक्ति ठार तर २७ जखमी झाले होते.[११]

See also[संपादन]

साचा:Portal box


संदर्भदूवे[संपादन]

बाह्य दुवे[संपादन]


साचा:Chennai Topics