कामरुपी भाषा

विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून
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या लेखातील मजकूर मराठी विकिपीडियाच्या विश्वकोशीय लेखनशैलीस अनुसरून नाही. आपण हा लेख तपासून याच्या पुनर्लेखनास मदत करू शकता.

नवीन सदस्यांना मार्गदर्शन
हा साचा अशुद्धलेखन, अविश्वकोशीय मजकूर अथवा मजकुरात अविश्वकोशीय लेखनशैली व विना-संदर्भ लेखन आढळल्यास वापरला जातो. कृपया या संबंधीची चर्चा चर्चापानावर पहावी.


कामरुपी
কামৰূপী
स्थानिक वापर भारत
प्रदेश बंगाल, ईशान्य भारत, आसाम
लोकसंख्या 6 दशलक्ष (2011 भारतीय जनगणना)
भाषाकुळ
इंडो-युरोपीय
लिपी पूर्व नागरी लिपी,
अधिकृत दर्जा
प्रशासकीय वापर भारत ध्वज भारत
भाषा संकेत

ब्रह्मपुत्र घाटी आणि उत्तर बंगालमध्ये बोलणारी प्रथम आर्य भाषा कामरुपी आहे.[१] कामरुपी येथे तीन बोलीभाषा आहेत- पश्चिम कामरुपी (बारपेटा), मध्य कामरुपी (नलबारी) आणि दक्षिण कामरुपी (पलाशबारी).

मध्ययुगीन काळात, ब्रह्मपुत्र घाटी आणि त्याच्या आसपासच्या भागात कामगूरीचा वापर गद्य आणि कविता दोन्हीसाठी संस्कृत समांतर साहित्यिक हेतूने करण्यात आला होता. हे विद्यापितीसारख्या मध्य भारताच्या साहित्यिक आकृत्यांच्या विरोधात गेले, ज्यांनी कवितासाठी गद्य आणि मैथिली संस्कृतचा वापर केला.[२]

अलिकडच्या काळात दक्षिणी कामरुपी भाषेचा लेखक इंदिरा गोस्वामी यांच्या कामात वापर केला गेला आहे. कविता आणि राष्ट्रवादी अंबिकगिरि रायचौधरी यांनी आपल्या कामांमध्ये मोठ्या प्रमाणात कामरुपी वापरली.[३]

2018 मध्ये, कामरुपी फिल्म व्हिलेज रॉकस्टर्स 91 व्या एकेडेमी अवार्डमध्ये भारताच्या अधिकृत प्रवेशासाठी निवडले गेलेले क्षेत्र बनले.[४]

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. ^ Goswami, , Upendranath (1970). A study on Kāmrūpī: a dialect of Assamese. Dept. of Historical Antiquarian Studies, Assam. पान क्रमांक iii. "Assam from ancient times, was known as Kamarupa till the end of the Koch rule (17th century) and ancient Kamarupa comprised the whole of North Bengal including Cooch-Behar, and the Rangpur and Jalpaiguri districts of Bengal. Its permanent western boundary is said to have been the river Karatoya in North Bengal according to the Kalika Purana and Yoginitantra, both devoted to geographical accounts of ancient Kamarupa. So the Aryan language spoken first in Assam was the Kamrupi language spoken in Rangpur, Cooch-Behar, Goalpara, Kamrup district and some parts of Nowgong and Darrang districts. As also put by K.L. Barua "the Kamrupi dialect was originally a variety of eastern Maithili and it was no doubt the spoken Aryan language throughout the kingdon which then included the whole of the Assam Valley and the whole of Northern Bengal with the addition of the Purnea district of Bihar”. It is in this Kamrupi language that the early Assamese literature was mainly written. Up to the seventeenth century as the centre of art, literature and culture were confined within western Assam and the poets and the writers hailed from this part, the language of this part also acquired prestige. The earliest Assamese writer is Hema Saraswati, the author of a small poem, Prahrada Caritra, who composed his verses under his patron, King Durlabhnarayana of Kamatapur who is said to have ruled in the latter part of the 13th century. Rudra Kandali translated Drone Parva under the patronage of King Tamradhvaja of Rangpur. The most considerable poet of the pre-vaisnavite period is Madhava Kandali, who belonged to the present district of Nowgong and rendered the entire Ramayana into Assamese verse under the patronage of king Mahamanikya, a Kachari King of Jayantapura. The golden age in Assamese literature opened with the reign of Naranarayana, the Koch King. He gathered round him at his court at Cooch-Behar a galaxy of learned man. Sankaradeva real founder of Assamese literature and his favourite disciple Madhavadeva worked under his patronage. The other-best known poets and writers of this vaisnavite period namely Rama Sarasvati, Ananta Kandali, Sridhar Kandali, Sarvabhauma Bhattacharyya, Dvija Kalapachandra and Bhattadeva, the founder of the Assamese prose, all hailed from the present district of Kamarupa. During Naranaryana's reign "the Koch power reached its zenith. His kingdom included practically the whole of Kamarupa of the kings of Brahmapala's dynasty with the exception of the eastern portion known as Saumara which formed the Ahom kingdom. Towards the west the kingdom appears to have extended beyond the Karatoya, for according to Abul Fasal, the author of the Akbarnamah, the western boundary of the Koch kingdom was Tirhut. On the south-west the kingdom included the Rangpur district and part of Mymensingh to the east of the river Brahmaputra which then flowed through that district," The Kamrupi language lost its prestige due to reasons mentioned below and has now become a dialect which has been termed as Kamrupi dialect as spoken in the present district of Kamrup." 
  2. ^ Kaliram, Medhi (1988). Assamese grammar and origin of the Assamese language. Publication Board, Assam. पान क्रमांक 84. "Prose had also been used by the Maithili poets, Vidyapati, Harsanatha and others,--in their dramas. But whereas the Maithili poets prose was in Sanskrit and their songs alone in Maithili Sankara Deva's prose and songs were both in Kamrupi." 
  3. ^ Sahitya Akademi, Indian literature: Volume 30. Sähitya Akademi. 1987. पान क्रमांक 31. "Ambikagiri set a new trend in Assamese by his abundant use of Kamrupi language in his writings." 
  4. ^ "'Village Rockstars, Film On Guitar-Playing Girl, Is India's Oscar Entry'". 09 December 2018 रोजी पाहिले. 


हे सुद्धा पहा[संपादन]