सद्य (केरळी मेजवानी)

विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून
Jump to navigation Jump to search

सद्य (केरळी मेजवानी)

A Typical Onam Feast. Onam is a major festival of Kerala.

Sadya (मल्याळम: സദ്യ) means banquet in Malayalam (the language spoken in Kerala, India).It is also known Virundhu Sappadu in तमिळ.

A Sadya is a big feast associated with a special occasion, such as a marriage, birthday, childbirth etc. A Sadya is traditionally a vegetarian meal served on a plantain or banana leaf; people eat sitting cross-legged on the floor.[१][२] Sadhya can have up to 24 dishes served in it.[३]

The dishes are plain boiled rice, many curries, papadum, plain yogurt or buttermilk, banana or plantain chips, and two or more sweet dishes. The curries are made of different vegetables and have different flavourings. They can be made of yogurt, bitter gourd, mango, jaggery, etc. The reason for including so many dishes in the Sadya is to ensure that the diners will like at least two or three dishes.[४]

Coconut, being abundant in Kerala, is used in almost all dishes. Coconut milk also finds various uses in cooking. Coconut oil is used for frying.

There is a specific place for each item on the plantain leaf. For example, the pickles are served on the top left corner and banana on the bottom left corner. Thus, the waiters can easily identify the requirement of the diner by just looking at his leaf.

There are variations in the menu according to the place and the religion. Some communities include non-vegetarian dishes in the sadya. Although custom was to use traditional and seasonal vegetables, it has become common practice to include vegetables such as carrots, pineapples, beans in the dishes. Onion and garlic are not typically used in the sadya.

The sadya is usually served as lunch. Preparations begin the night before, and the dishes are prepared before ten o' clock in the morning on the day of the celebration. On many occasions, sadya is served on dining tables, as people no longer find it convenient to sit on the floor.

All the dishes are served on the plantain leaf; it requires a special skill to eat the food. The whole palm and fingers of the hand have to be used in the form of a ladle to lift the food from the leaf and eat it without spilling it.

Traditionally, the people of the neighbourhood spent the night helping the cooks in works like scraping coconut and cutting vegetables. These people also volunteered to serve the food to the guests. This lent a personal touch to the occasion. Enterprise and urban demands on time and space have now made it possible for the work to be contracted to professional catering services.

Conventionally, the meal may be followed by vettila murukkan, chewing of betel leaf with lime and arecanut. This helps digestion of the meal and also cleanses the palate.[५]

The usual items in a Sadya[संपादन]

Sadya items ready to be served, Clockwise from top Paayasam, Bittergourd thoran, aviyal, Kaalan, Lime Pickle, Sambar, Buttermilk with Boiled rice in center

Parippu : A thick lentil dish eaten with rice, papadum and ghee.

Sambar : A thick gravy made of lentils, tamarind, coconut, vegetables like drumsticks, tomato, etc., and flavored with asafoetida.

Rasam : A watery dish made of tamarind, tomatoes, and spices like black pepper, asafoetida, coriander, chili pepper, etc. It is very spicy in taste and aids in digestion.

Aviyal : Thick mixture of various vegetables, yogurt, and coconut. It is seasoned with coconut oil and curry leaves. This dish is usually made of leftover vegetables.

Kaalan : Made of yogurt, coconut, and any one vegetable like "nendran" plantain or a tuber-like yam. It is very thick and more sour than avial.

Olan : A preparation of pumpkin, coconut milk, and ginger seasoned with coconut oil.

Koottukari : One or two vegetables like banana and coconut with a hot and sweet taste.

Kichadi : Made of yogurt and cucumber in raw or cooked form.

Pachadi : A sweet form of kichadi, but made with pineapple, grapes and coconut.

Injipuli : Curry made of ginger, tamarind, green chilies, and jaggery.

Thoran : A sauteed dish of vegetables such as peas, green beans, raw jackfruit, carrots, or cabbage (usually) with grated coconut.

Pickles (Achar) : Spicy pickled raw mango/lemon/lime, etc.


Pradhaman is a sweet dish in the form of a thick liquid; similar to payasam, but with more variety in terms of ingredients and more elaborately made. It is made with white sugar or jaggery to which milk or coconut milk is added.

  • Palada pradhaman is made of flakes of cooked rice, milk, and sugar.
  • Pazha pradhaman is made of cooked "nendra" plantain in jaggery and coconut milk.
  • Gothambu pradhaman is made of broken wheat.
  • Parippu pradhaman is made of green gram.
  • Chakka pradhaman is made of jackfruit.
  • kadala pradaman is made from black gram.

भाज्या आणि मसाल्यांची शब्दसूची[संपादन]

See also[संपादन]