विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून

साचा:Lowercase शीर्षक साचा:Infobox software

ह्या लेखाचा/विभागाचा इंग्रजी किंवा अमराठी भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत भाषांतर करावयाचे बाकी आहे. अनुवाद करण्यास आपलाही सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाईन शब्दकोश आणि इतर सहाय्या करिता भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.

जे-क्वेरी ही एक क्रॉस प्लॅटफॉर्म जावास्क्रिप्ट लायब्ररी आहे. HTMLमधील क्लायंट साइड स्क्रिप्टिंग सोपे व्हावे या उद्देशाने तिला बनविण्यात आले आहे.[१] It was released in January 2006 at BarCamp NYC by John Resig. It is currently developed by a team of developers led by Dave Methvin. Used by over 60% of the 10,000 most visited websites,[२] jQuery is the most popular JavaScript library in use today.[३][४]

jQuery is free, open source software, licensed under the MIT License.[५] jQuery's syntax is designed to make it easier to navigate a document, select DOM elements, create animations, handle events, and develop Ajax applications. jQuery also provides capabilities for developers to create plug-ins on top of the JavaScript library. This enables developers to create abstractions for low-level interaction and animation, advanced effects and high-level, theme-able widgets. The modular approach to the jQuery library allows the creation of powerful dynamic web pages and web applications.

The set of jQuery core features—DOM element selections, traversal and manipulation—enabled by its selector engine (named "Sizzle" from v1.3), created a new "programming style", fusing algorithms and DOM-data-structures. This style influenced the architecture of other JavaScript frameworks like YUI v3 and Dojo, later stimulating the creation of the standard Selectors API.[६]

Microsoft and Nokia bundle jQuery on their platforms.[७] Microsoft includes it with Visual Studio[८] for use within Microsoft's ASP.NET AJAX framework and ASP.NET MVC Framework while Nokia has integrated it into the Web Run-Time widget development platform.[९] jQuery has also been used in MediaWiki since version 1.16.[१०]


jQuery includes the following features:

  • DOM element selections using the multi-browser open source selector engine Sizzle, a spin-off of the jQuery project[११]
  • DOM traversal and modification (including support for CSS 1–3)
  • DOM manipulation based on CSS selectors that uses node elements name and node elements attributes (id and class) as criteria to build selectors
  • Events
  • Effects and animations
  • AJAX
  • JSON parsing
  • Extensibility through plug-ins
  • Utilities - such as user agent information, feature detection
  • Compatibility methods that are natively available in modern browsers but need fall backs for older ones - For example the inArray() and each() functions.
  • Multi-browser (not to be confused with cross-browser) support.

Browser support[संपादन]

Both version 1.x and 2.x of jQuery support "current-1 versions" (meaning the current stable version of the browser and the version that preceded it) of Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, and Opera. The version 1.x also supports Internet Explorer 6 or higher. However, jQuery version 2.x dropped Internet Explorer 6–8 support (which represents less than 28% of all browsers in use) and can run only with IE 9 or higher.[१२]

Including the library[संपादन]

The jQuery library is a single JavaScript file, containing all of its common DOM, event, effects, and Ajax functions. It can be included within a web page by linking to a local copy, or to one of the many copies available from public servers. jQuery has a CDN hosted by MaxCDN Archived 2014-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.[१३] (moved from MediaTemple[१४] and, before that, Amazon[१५]). Google[१६] and Microsoft[१७] host it as well.

<script src="jquery.js"></script>

It is also possible to include jQuery directly from content delivery networks.

<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.1.min.js"></script>

Usage styles[संपादन]

jQuery has two usage styles:

  • Via the $ function, which is a factory method for the jQuery object. These functions, often called commands, are chainable as they all return jQuery objects.
  • Via $.-prefixed functions. These are utility functions, which do not act upon the jQuery object directly.

Typically, access to and manipulation of multiple DOM nodes begins with the $ function being called with a CSS selector string, which results in a jQuery object referencing matching elements in the HTML page. This node set can be manipulated by calling instance methods on the jQuery object, or on the nodes themselves. For example:


This line finds the union of all div tags with class attribute test and all p tags with CSS class attribute quote, adds the class attribute blue to each matched element, and then increases their height with an animation. The $ and add functions affect the matched set, while the addClass and slideDown affect the referenced nodes.

Besides accessing DOM nodes through jQuery object hierarchy, it is also possible to create new DOM elements if a string passed as the argument to $() looks like HTML. For example, this line finds an HTML SELECT element with ID="carmakes", and adds an OPTION element with value "VAG" and text "Volkswagen":

$('select#carmakes').append($('<option />').attr({value:"VAG"}).append("Volkswagen"));

The methods prefixed with $. are convenience methods or affect global properties and behaviour. For example, the following is an example of the iterating function called each in jQuery:

$.each([1,2,3], function() {
  console.log(this + 1);

This writes "2", "3", "4" to the console.

It is possible to perform browser-independent Ajax queries using $.ajax and associated methods to load and manipulate remote data.

  type: "POST",
  दुवा: "example.php",
  data: "name=John&location=Boston"
}).success( function(msg) {
  alert( "Data Saved: " + msg );
}).fail( function( xmlHttpRequest, statusText, errorThrown ) {
    "Your form submission failed.\n\n"
      + "XML Http Request: " + JSON.stringify( xmlHttpRequest )
      + ",\nStatus Text: " + statusText
      + ",\nError Thrown: " + errorThrown );

This example posts the data name=John and location=Boston to example.php on the server. When this request finishes successfully, the success function is called to alert the user. If the request fails, it will alert the user to the failure, the status of the request, and the specific error.

jQuery plug-ins[संपादन]

jQuery's architecture allows developers to create plug-in code to extend its functionality. Currently there are thousands of jQuery plug-ins available on the web[१८] that cover a wide range of functionality such as Ajax helpers, web services, datagrids, dynamic lists, XML and XSLT tools, drag and drop, events, cookie handling, and modal windows.

An important source of jQuery plug-ins is the plugins subdomain of the jQuery Project website.[१८] However, in an effort to rid the site of spam, the plugins in this subdomain were accidentally deleted in December 2011.[१९] The new site will include a GitHub-hosted repository, which will require developers to resubmit their plugins and to conform to new submission requirements.[२०] There are alternative plug-in search engines[२१][२२] like jquer.in that take more specialized approaches, such as listing only plug-ins that meet certain criteria (e.g. those that have a public code repository). jQuery provides a "Learning Center" which can help users understand JavaScript and get started developing jQuery plugins.[२३]

Release history[संपादन]

Version number Release date Latest update Size Prod (KB) Additional notes
1.0 [१] ऑगस्ट २६, इ.स. २००६ (2006-08-26) First stable release
1.1 [२] जानेवारी १४, इ.स. २००७ (2007-01-14)
1.2 [३] सप्टेंबर १०, इ.स. २००७ (2007-09-10)
1.3 [४] जानेवारी १४, इ.स. २००९ (2009-01-14) 55.9 Sizzle Selector Engine introduced into core
1.4 [५] जानेवारी १४, इ.स. २०१० (2010-01-14)
1.5 [६] जानेवारी ३१, इ.स. २०११ (2011-01-31) Deferred callback management, ajax module rewrite
1.6 [७] मे ३, इ.स. २०११ (2011-05-03) Significant performance improvements to the attr() and val() functions
1.7 [८] नोव्हेंबर ३, इ.स. २०११ (2011-11-03) New Event APIs: .on() and .off(), while the old APIs are still supported.
1.8 [९] ऑगस्ट ९, इ.स. २०१२ (2012-08-09) 91.4 Sizzle Selector Engine rewritten, improved animations and $(html, props) flexibility.
1.9 [१०] जानेवारी १५, इ.स. २०१३ (2013-01-15) 1.9.1 (साचा:Release date)[२४] Removal of deprecated interfaces and code cleanup
1.10 [११] मे २४, इ.स. २०१३ (2013-05-24) 1.10.2 (जुलै ३, इ.स. २०१३ (2013-07-03)) Incorporated bug fixes and differences reported from both the 1.9 and 2.0 beta cycles
1.11 [१२] जानेवारी २४, इ.स. २०१४ (2014-01-24) 1.11.1 (मे १, इ.स. २०१४ (2014-05-01)) 93.5
2.0 [१३] एप्रिल १८, इ.स. २०१३ (2013-04-18) 2.0.3 (जुलै ३, इ.स. २०१३ (2013-07-03)) 81.1 Dropped IE 6–8 support for performance improvements and reduction in filesize
2.1 [१४] जानेवारी २४, इ.स. २०१४ (2014-01-24) 2.1.1 (मे १, इ.स. २०१४ (2014-05-01)) 82.2

Testing framework[संपादन]

QUnit is a test automation framework used to test the jQuery project. The jQuery team developed it as an in-house unit testing library.[२५] The jQuery team uses it to test its code and plugins but it can test any generic JavaScript code, including server-side JavaScript code.[२५]

As of 2011, the jQuery Testing Team uses QUnit with TestSwarm to test each jQuery codebase release.[२६]

See also[संपादन]


  1. ^ "jQuery: The write less, do more, JavaScript library". The jQuery Project. 29 April 2010 रोजी पाहिले.
  2. ^ "JavaScript libraries usage statistics", Analysis by SimilarTech
  3. ^ "jQuery Usage Statistics". Archived from the original on 2018-12-25. 2013-05-17 रोजी पाहिले.
  4. ^ "Usage of JavaScript libraries for websites". W3Techs. 2010-07-08 रोजी पाहिले.
  5. ^ चुका उधृत करा: <ref> चुकीचा कोड; jqorg-license नावाने दिलेल्या संदर्भांमध्ये काहीही माहिती नाही
  6. ^ "Selectors API Level 1, W3C Recommendation" (21 February 2013). This standard turned what was jQuery "helper methods" into Javascript-native ones, and the wide use of jQuery stimulated the fast adption of querySelector/querySelectorAll into main web-browsers.
  7. ^ Resig, John (2008-09-28). "jQuery, Microsoft, and Nokia". jQuery Blog. jQuery. 2009-01-29 रोजी पाहिले.
  8. ^ Guthrie, Scott (2008-09-28). "jQuery and Microsoft". ScottGu's Blog. 2009-01-29 रोजी पाहिले.
  9. ^ "Guarana UI: A jQuery Based UI Library for Nokia WRT". Forum Nokia. Archived from the original on 2009-11-23. 2010-03-30 रोजी पाहिले.
  10. ^ "jQuery". MediaWiki. January 19, 2012. March 11, 2012 रोजी पाहिले.
  11. ^ Resig, John (2009-01-14). "jQuery 1.3 and the jQuery Foundation". jQuery Blog. 2009-05-04 रोजी पाहिले.
  12. ^ Browser Support | jQuery
  13. ^ "jQuery CDN" – http://code.jquery.com/
  14. ^ "replace (mt) with maxcdn on pages/download.md". August 7, 2013. December 6, 2013 रोजी पाहिले.
  15. ^ "CloudFront CDN for jQuery", November 19th, 2008 by John Resig, blog.jquery.com
  16. ^ "Google Libraries API - Developer's Guide". code.google.com. March 11, 2012 रोजी पाहिले.
  17. ^ "Microsoft Ajax Content Delivery Network". ASP.net. Microsoft Corporation. June 19, 2012 रोजी पाहिले.
  18. ^ a b "Plugins". The jQuery Project. 26 August 2010 रोजी पाहिले.
  19. ^ http://blog.jquery.com/2011/12/08/what-is-happening-to-the-jquery-plugins-site/#pluginstldr
  20. ^ https://github.com/jquery/plugins.jquery.com
  21. ^ "jQuery Plugins Search". Archived from the original on 2013-05-15. 13 September 2012 रोजी पाहिले.
  22. ^ Kanakiya, Jay. "jquery plugins".
  23. ^ "jQuery Learning Center". jQuery Foundation. 2014-07-02 रोजी पाहिले.
  24. ^ http://blog.jquery.com/2013/02/04/jquery-1-9-1-released
  25. ^ a b "History". qunitjs.com. 2014-07-02 रोजी पाहिले.
  26. ^ jQuery Testing Team Wiki http://jquerytesting.pbworks.com/w/page/41556026/FrontPage

Further reading[संपादन]

External links[संपादन]

विकिमीडिया कॉमन्सवर संबंधित संचिका आहेत

साचा:ECMAScript साचा:Application frameworks साचा:Widget toolkits