साचा:समय

विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून
(साचा:Time या पानावरून पुनर्निर्देशित)
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Documentation icon साचा दस्तावेजीकरण[बघा] [संपादन] [इतिहास] [पर्ज करा]

This template displays the current time in a parameter-specified time zone. The time is calculated based on the offset from UTC for the specified time zone taking into account whether daylight saving time is currently active in that time zone.

Note: Most Wikipedia pages display a cached version of the page to reduce server load, so the template will only display the current time as of when the page was last parsed. You can refresh the displayed time by clicking the [refresh] link.

साचा:Time/doc/parameters

Usage[संपादन]

Typically, all that is needed is:

{{time|<TZ>}} where <TZ> is one of the supported time zone abbreviations
{{time|MST}}
०५:५७, नोव्हेंबर २६, २०२० MST [refresh]

To change the rendered format:

{{time|MST|df=y}}
०५:५७, २६ नोव्हेंबर २०२० MST [refresh]
{{time|MST|y}}
०५:५७, २६ नोव्हेंबर २०२० MST [refresh]
{{time|MST|dmy}}
०५:५७, २६ नोव्हेंबर २०२० MST [refresh]
{{time|MST|iso}}
२०२०-११-२६T०५:५७ MST [refresh]

Supported time zones[संपादन]

This is a list of the currently supported time zone abbreviations:

  1. a b c Not standard time zones, these are included on a whim of the programmer; AoE is 'Anywhere on Earth', 'IDLE' and 'IDLW' are International Date Line East and West
  2. ^ Irish Standard Time. The abbreviation, IST, is also used for Indian Standard Time. Irish Standard Time occurs in the summer. For these reasons, the template uses GMT-IE as the time zone abbreviation for Ireland.
  3. ^ GMT does not observe daylight saving time. The United Kingdom observes GMT in winter but shifts to British Summer Time in summer. The abbreviation BST is also used by Bangladesh Standard Time. To differentiate GMT as observed in the UK from year-round GMT, use GMT-UK for the former.
  4. ^ Saint-Pierre and Miquelon Standard Time
  5. ^ Western Greenland Time


UTC offset[संपादन]

To display the time at a particular UTC offset, specify the UTC time offset as the time zone:

{{time|UTC-07:00}}
२०२०-११-२६T०५:५७ UTC−07:00 [refresh]

'UTC', a sign character, two hour digits, a colon, and two minute digits are required. Accepted sign characters are: '+', '-' (hyphen), '±', and '−' (minus).

Military/nautical time zones[संपादन]

To display the time at a particular military or nautical time zone,[१] use the time zone's alpha designation:

{{time|M}}
२०२०-११-२७T००:५७ M [refresh]

Some military and nautical time zone designators are extended with an asterisk (*), a dagger (†), or double dagger (‡). When writing this template for designators that are extended with a dagger or double dagger, use '+' and '++' respectively:

{{time|M++}}
२०२०-११-२७T०१:४२ M‡ [refresh]
{{time|M+}}
२०२०-११-२७T०२:५७ M† [refresh]

Daylight saving time[संपादन]

Daylight saving time (DST) calculations are automatic for those time zones where it is observed. There are locales that do not observe DST within time zones where it is generally observed. To render the correct time for a non-observant locale, set |dst=no:

{{time|MST|dst=no}}
०५:५७, नोव्हेंबर २६, २०२० MST [refresh]time in Arizona
{{time|MST}}
०५:५७, नोव्हेंबर २६, २०२० MST [refresh] – but, time on the Navajo Nation in Arizona

The opposite case is not supported. For places like Thule Air Base in Greenland, which observes US DST rules while WGT observes EU DST rules, a time zone properties table will be needed in Module:Time. See §Adding a new time zone.

Error messages[संपादन]

{{time}} can produce several error messages. These are:

{{time}} – both of |df-cust-a= and |df-cust-p required – when defining a custom format for am (or pm) time, you must also define a custom format for pm (or am) time
{{time}} – error calculating dst timestamps – indicates an internal error because one or more of the following time zone properties is malformed: UTC offset, DST begin or end definition. To resolve this error make sure that the time zone's properties are correct.
{{time}} – incomplete definition for ... – indicates an internal error because one or more of the following time zone properties is missing: DST begin or end definition, DST event time, time zone article. To resolve this error supply the missing properties.
{{time}} – invalid date format <format> – value assigned to |df= is not one of the defined format strings; ss §Parameters
{{time}} – invalid use of ± - the symbol ± is being used when the minute and hour offsets aren't 00:00
{{time}} – malformed or incomplete _TEST_TIME_ – value assigned to this parameter must either have the format: YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss where all except 'T' are digits, or YYYYMMDDhhmmss
{{time}} – unknown timezone – the time zone positional parameter is not one of the supported time zone abbreviations. To resolve this error check the parameter's spelling or add the time zone's properties to the module. See §Adding a new time zone.

Adding a new time zone[संपादन]

{{time}} uses Module:Time/data. In that module, is a table of tables, the data structure that specifies the properties of the individual time zones. A blank time zone properties table has this form:

[''] = {
	abbr = '',			
	dst_abbr = '',
	utc_offset = '',
	df = '',
	dst_begins = '',
	dst_ends = '',
	dst_time = '',
	dst_e_time = '',
	article = ''
},

To add a new time zone to Module:Time/data, add the appropriate information inside the single quotes. If a property does not apply, leave the quotes empty. The rules for each property are:

[''] – (required) the abbreviation of a time zone's standard time; must be lower case; this is the value that will be used in the template's time zone parameter
abbr = '' – (required) the abbreviation of a time zone's standard time as it will be rendered by the template
dst_abbr = '' – the abbreviation of a time zone's daylight saving or summer time as it will be rendered by the template
utc_offset = '' – (required) the offset in hours and minutes from UTC±00:00; has the form: utc_offset = '<sign>hh:mm' where <sign> may be + (optional) or - (required for time zones west of the 0 meridian)
df = '' – one of three keywords dmy, mdy, or iso used to specify date format typically used in the time zone; can be overridden with |df= template parameter
dst_begins = '' – a four word sentence in the form <ordinal> <day name> <in|of> <month name> where:
<ordinal> – any of the words 'first', '1st', 'second', '2nd', ... 'fifth', '5th', or 'last'
<day name> – any of the day names 'Sunday', 'Monday', 'Tuesday', etc.; capitalization is not important but otherwise must be spelled correctly; abbreviations not supported
<in|of> – either of the words 'in' or 'of'
<month name> – any of the month names 'January', 'February', 'March', etc.; capitalization is not important but otherwise must be spelled correctly; abbreviations not supported
dst_ends = '' – (required if dst_begins is specified) same as dst_begins
dst_time = '' – (required if dst_begins is specified) the time that daylight saving time begins; usually local time; when DST begins at a specified time UTC (European Summer Time for example) use: dst_time = 'hh:mm UTC'; four digits and the colon are required
dst_e_time = '' – the time that daylight saving time ends if different from the time it begins; usually local daylight saving time ; when DST ends at a specified time UTC use: dst_e_time = 'hh:mm UTC'; four digits and the colon are required
article = '' – (required) the title of a Wikipedia article that is appropriate to the timezone; do not include wikimarkup

The table-of-tables is organized east (plus UTC offsets) then west (minus UTC offset), by offset hours, and then alphabetically by time zone positional parameter name.

Adding a new alias[संपादन]

You may also want to add an alias of a timezone:

[''] = {tz = ''},

To add a new time zone to Module:Time/data, add the appropriate information inside the single quotes.

[''] – (required) the abbreviation of a time zone's alias. This must be lower case.
tz = '' – (required) the abbreviation of the time zone that's already in the code. This must be lower case

The table-of-tables is organized east (plus UTC offsets) then west (minus UTC offset), and by if it's a DST offset or if it's not.

See also[संपादन]

[+/−] all subsections that follow:

साचा:Info

Multiple units of time[संपादन]

Type Adjustable Current Last Next
Date and time {{time}} {{Currentdate}} (MDY)
{{Plain now}} (DMY)
{{Now}} (DMY in a complete sentence)
{{Simple now}}
Date only {{Dateonly}}
{{Datedow}}
(Has the day of the week)
{{Date}} (Chose format)
{{DATE}} (prefixed by date=)
{{TODAY}} (DMY)
{{Yesterday}}
{{Day-1}}
{{Tomorrow}}
{{Day+1}}
Time only {{Timeonly}} {{CURRENTTIME}} (12 h format)
{{CURRENTTIME24}} (24 h format)
Banners {{Right now}}
(Blue with time and number of Wikipedia articles)
Timestamp {{Timestamp}}
(Format YYYYMMDDhhmmss)

Single units of time[संपादन]

Unit of time Adjustable Current Last Next
SECOND {{CURRENTSECOND}}
MINUTE {{CURRENTMINUTE}}
HOUR {{CURRENTHOUR}} {{Hour-1}} {{Hour+1}}
WEEK {{CURRENTWEEK}}
{{CURRENTWEEKOFMONTH}}
Day of Week {{Dow}} {{CURRENTDAYNAME}}
{{CURRENTWEEKDAYABBREV}}
{{CURRENTWEEKDAY}}
{{LASTWEEKDAYNAME}}
{{LASTWEEKDAYABBREV}}
{{NEXTWEEKDAYNAME}}
{{NEXTWEEKDAYABBREV}}
MONTH {{MONTHNAME}}
{{MONTHABBREV}}
{{MONTHNUMBER}}
{{MONTH}} (zero padded)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}}
{{CURRENTMONTH1}}
{{CURRENTMONTHDAYS}}
{{LASTMONTH}}
(Can make not zero-padded)
{{LASTMONTHNAME}}
{{LASTMONTHABBR}}
{{NEXTMONTH}}
(Can make not zero-padded)
{{NEXTMONTHNAME}}
{{NEXTMONTHABBR}}
Day of Month {{CURRENTDAY}}
{{CURRENTDAY2}} (zero padded)
YEAR {{CURRENTYEARCC}}
{{CURRENTYEARYY}}
{{CURRENTISOYEAR}}
{{CURRENTYEAR}}
{{LASTYEAR}} {{NEXTYEAR}}
Day of Year {{CURRENTDAYOFYEAR}}
DECADE {{DECADE}} {{CURRENTDECADE}} {{LASTDECADE}} {{NEXTDECADE}}
CENTURY {{CENTURY}} {{CURRENTCENTURY}} {{LASTCENTURY}} {{NEXTCENTURY}}
MILLENNIUM {{MILLENNIUM}} {{Currentmillennium}}

Date and time Templates made for substitution:[संपादन]

Month:
{{Lmonth}} produces ऑक्टोबर
{{Nmonth}} produces डिसेंबर
{{LastMonth}} produces ऑक्टोबर २०२०
{{NextMonth}} produces डिसेंबर २०२०


Individual Templates[संपादन]

Categories of Templates[संपादन]

References[संपादन]

  1. ^ "World Time Zone Map". HM Nautical Almanac Office. February 2016.


TemplateData[संपादन]

यथादृश्यसंपादक व इतर साधनांसाठी वापरण्यात येणारे हे टेम्प्लेटडाटा दस्तावेजीकरण आहे.

समय साठी टेम्प्लेटडाटा

वर्णन नाही.

साच्याचे प्राचल (पॅरामिटर्स)

प्राचलवर्णनप्रकारस्थिती
time zone1

The time zone for the time formatting

उदाहरण
EST
तंतूसुचविलेले
date format2 df

The format to render the date and time

उदाहरण
dmy12
अज्ञातसुचविलेले
Daylight savings timedst

काहीच वर्णन नाही

उदाहरण
yes
तंतूऐच्छिक
ISO 639 language codelang

displays time/date in language specified by ISO 639 language

तंतूऐच्छिक
Dateonlydateonly

If 'yes', suppresses display of the time and only shows the date

उदाहरण
yes
तंतूऐच्छिक
Timeonlytimeonly

If 'yes', suppresses display of the date and only shows the time

उदाहरण
yes
तंतूऐच्छिक
Hide time zone?hide-tz

If 'yes', suppresses time zone abbreviation

उदाहरण
yes
तंतूऐच्छिक
Don't link time zone?unlink-tz

If 'yes', renders the timezone without linking to its article.

उदाहरण
yes
तंतूऐच्छिक