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साचा:स्रोत बातमी

विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून


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वापर

वापरण्यासाठी रिक्त आवृत्ती कॉपी करा. सर्व प्रचालांचे नाव lowercase मध्ये असले पाहिजे. प्रत्येक प्रचालाच्या मध्ये "|" (पाइप) वर्णाचा वापर करा. एडिट विंडो मध्ये नुसती गर्दी नसावी, म्हणून, न वापरलेल्या प्रचाल हटवा. काही नामुन्यांमध्ये आज ची तारीख असेल. जर असं नसलं, तर पान purge करा.

आडव्या स्वरूपात सर्वात सामान्यतः वापरलेल्या प्रचाल
मान्यताप्राप्त लेखकाचा बातमी लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |newspaper= |location= |accessdate= }}

मान्यताप्राप्त नसलेल्या लेखकाचा बातमी लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी

{{cite news |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |newspaper= |location= |date= |accessdate= }}

ऑनलाइन बातमी लेख ज्याचा पुरालेखन झाला आहे, तो स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |dead-url= |newspaper= |location= |archive-url= |archive-date= |accessdate= }}

विदेशी भाषेत लिहलेला बातमी लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी

{{cite news |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |newspaper= |location= |accessdate= }}

एक बातमी लेख, ज्याचे दो लेखक आहेत, ज्याचा आपण उद्धरण देतो आणि पुरालेखन करतो; व जो विदेशी भाषेत लिहिलेला आहे आणि एका इनफार्मेशन एग्रीगेशन सर्विस द्वारे ज्याला सब्सक्रिप्शन गरजेचा आहे, PDF म्हणून पुनर्प्रकाशित केला गेला आहे - असा लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी

{{cite news |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |language= |newspaper= |location= |archive-url= |archive-date= |accessdate= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}


आडव्या स्वरूपात संपूर्ण प्रचाल
{{cite news |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |name-list-format= |last-author-amp= |date= |year= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |department= |newspaper= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |agency= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |accessdate= |via= |registration= |subscription= |lay-url= |lay-source= |lay-date= |quote= |postscript= |ref= }}

सामान्य वापर

उजव्या स्वरूपात सर्वात सामान्यतः वापरले प्रचाल
मान्यताप्राप्त लेखकाचा बातमी लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| access-date  = 
}}
मान्यताप्राप्त नसलेल्या लेखकाचा बातमी लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी
{{cite news
| author       =<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.-->
| title        = 
| url          = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| date         = 
| access-date  =
}}
ऑनलाइन बातमी लेख ज्याचा पुरालेखन झाला आहे, तो स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| url          = 
| dead-url     = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| archive-url  = 
| archive-date = 
| access-date  = 
}}
विदेशी भाषेत लिहलेला बातमी लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी
{{cite news
| last         = 
| first        = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| language     = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| access-date  = 
}}
एक बातमी लेख, ज्याचे दो लेखक आहेत, ज्याचा आपण उद्धरण देतो आणि पुरालेखन करतो; व जो विदेशी भाषेत लिहिलेला आहे आणि एका इनफार्मेशन एग्रीगेशन सर्विस द्वारे ज्याला सब्सक्रिप्शन गरजेचा आहे, PDF म्हणून पुनर्प्रकाशित केला गेला आहे - असा लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी
{{cite news
| last1        = 
| first1       = 
| last2        = 
| first2       = 
| date         = 
| title        = 
| trans-title  = 
| url          = 
| dead-url     = 
| format       = 
| language     = 
| newspaper    = 
| location     = 
| archive-url  = 
| archive-date = 
| access-date  = 
| via          = 
| subscription = 
| quote        = 
}}

उजव्या स्वरूपात पूर्ण वापर

उजव्या स्वरूपात संपूर्ण प्रचाल
उजवी यादी पूर्वापेक्षित थोडक्यात सूचना / नोट्स
{{cite news
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| author-link1          = 
| last2                 = 
| first2                = 
| author-link2          = 
| last3                 = 
| first3                = 
| author-link3          = 
| last4                 = 
| first4                = 
| author-link4          = 
| last5                 = 
| first5                = 
| author-link5          = 
| display-authors       = 
| author-mask           = 
| name-list-format      = 
| last-author-amp       = 
| date                  = 
| year                  = 
| title                 = 
| script-title          = 
| trans-title           = 
| url                   = 
| dead-url              = 
| format                = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| editor2-last          = 
| editor2-first         = 
| editor2-link          = 
| editor3-last          = 
| editor3-first         = 
| editor3-link          = 
| editor4-last          = 
| editor4-first         = 
| editor4-link          = 
| editor5-last          = 
| editor5-first         = 
| editor5-link          = 
| display-editors       = 
| department            = 
| newspaper             = 
| type                  = 
| series                = 
| language              = 
| volume                = 
| issue                 = 
| others                = 
| edition               = 
| location              = 
| publisher             = 
| publication-date      = 
| agency                = 
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| at                    = 
| nopp                  = 
| arxiv                 = 
| asin                  = 
| bibcode               = 
| doi                   = 
| doi-broken-date       = 
| isbn                  = 
| issn                  = 
| jfm                   = 
| jstor                 = 
| lccn                  = 
| mr                    = 
| oclc                  = 
| ol                    = 
| osti                  = 
| pmc                   = 
| pmid                  = 
| rfc                   = 
| ssrn                  = 
| zbl                   = 
| id                    = 
| archive-url           = 
| archive-date          = 
| access-date           = 
| via                   = 
| registration          = 
| subscription          = 
| lay-url               = 
| lay-source            = 
| lay-date              = 
| quote                 = 
| postscript            = 
| ref                   = 
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column, it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

{{Cite web}} आणि {{Cite news}} मध्ये निवडणे

२०१४ च्या अगोदर, {{Cite web}} किंवा {{Cite news}} ची वैशिष्ट्ये बघून, संपादाकांना हे निर्णय घ्यावे लागत होते की कोणता साचा वापरायचा. पण, २०१४ मध्ये, दोन्ही साच्यांमधील बहुतेक फरक समाप्त झाले आहेत.

As of 29 July 2016, {{Cite web}} आणि {{Cite news}} मध्ये निम्न फरक आहेत -

  • {{Cite news}} हा ऑफलाइन (कागदी) स्रोतांसाठी वापरला जाऊ शकतो, व {{Cite web}} हे एक रिकामा URL एरर निर्माण करतं, जर URL लिहिला नाही. अर्थात, {{Cite web}} साठी, URL गरजेचा आहे, व {{Cite news}} साठी, तो गरजेचा नाही.
  • {{Cite news}} हा |issue= आणि |volume= प्रचाल स्वीकारतो, व {{Cite web}} does not (See Help talk:Citation Style 1/Archive 10 § |volume=, |issue=, |page(s)= and cite magazine.)

But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:

Cite web: .
Cite news: Template error: argument शीर्षक is required. 

उदाहरण

मान्यताप्राप्त लेखकाचा एक बातमी लेख
{{cite news |last=Wolford |first=Ben |date=2013-10-16 |title=Citrus Canker Lawsuit Headed Back to Trial |url=http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/palm-beach/fl-citrus-canker-ruling-20131016,0,7602285.story |newspaper=South Florida Sun-Sentinel |accessdate=2013-10-17}}
असा दिसेल:
  • Template error: argument शीर्षक is required. 
एका बातम्या एजेंसी द्वारे प्रकाशित एक बातमी लेख आणि ज्याचा लेखक मान्यताप्राप्त नाही
{{cite news |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title=Bellingham Police Arrest WWU Student in Melee |url=http://blogs.seattletimes.com/today/2013/10/bellingham-police-arrest-wwu-student-in-melee/ |newspaper=The Seattle Times |agency=Associated Press |date=2013-10-17 |accessdate=2013-10-17}}
असा दिसेल:
  • Template error: argument शीर्षक is required. 
एक बातमी लेख ज्याचा पुरालेखन झाला आहे
{{cite news |last=Pank |first=Philip |date=2013-10-18 |title=Families Accuse Network Rail of Cover-Up |url=http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/business/industries/transport/article3897709.ece |deadurl=no |newspaper=The Times |location=London |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KS5scqfE |archivedate=2013-10-18 |accessdate=2013-10-18}}
असा दिसेल:
  • Template error: argument शीर्षक is required. 
एक बातमी लेख जो विदेशी भाषेत लिहिलेला आहे
{{cite news |last=Bourmaud |first=François-Xavier |date=2013-10-17 |title=Hollande dans le Bourbier de L'affaire Leonarda |trans-title=Holland in the Quagmire of the Leonarda Case |url=http://www.lefigaro.fr/politique/2013/10/17/01002-20131017ARTFIG00575-hollande-dans-le-bourbier-de-l-affaire-leonarda.php |language=French |newspaper=Le Figaro |location=Paris |accessdate=2013-10-17}}
असा दिसेल:
  • Template error: argument शीर्षक is required. 
एक बातमी लेख, ज्याचे दो लेखक आहेत, ज्याचा आपण उद्धरण देतो आणि पुरालेखन करतो; व जो विदेशी भाषेत लिहिलेला आहे आणि एका इनफार्मेशन एग्रीगेशन सर्विस द्वारे ज्याला सब्सक्रिप्शन गरजेचा आहे, PDF म्हणून पुनर्प्रकाशित केला गेला आहे - असा लेख स्रोत म्हणून लावण्यासाठी
{{cite news |last1=Sueiro |first1=Marcos |last2=Guzman |first2=Lucia |date=2012-05-12 |title=El Crimen de Lucia Barranta Será Juzgado por un Jurado Popular |trans-title=Lucia Barranta's Crime Will Be Judged by a Jury |url=http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2013/10/17/espana/6845003888.html |deadurl=yes |format=PDF |language=Spanish |newspaper=El Mundo |location=Madrid, Spain |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6KS7JR04T |archivedate=2012-06-22 |accessdate=2012-06-22 |via=Highbeam Research |subscription=yes |quote=Los comparecientes lo harán en calidad de imputados por un delito de homicidio.}}
असा दिसेल:
  • Template error: argument शीर्षक is required. 

प्रचाल

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

COinS

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters
  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated

The coauthor and coauthors parameters are deprecated. Their use will place the page into वर्ग:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters. Use last# / first# or author or authors. If coauthor · coauthors are used for et al, then use display-authors=etal instead.

वर्णन

लेखक (Authors)

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: last1, surname, surname1, author, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: first1, given, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • vauthors: comma separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or साचा:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

शीर्षक (Title)

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the vertical line symbol
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Periodical

  • work: Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. Aliases: journal, newspaper, magazine, periodical, website.
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically. Alias: number. When the issue has a special title of its own, this may be given, in italics, along with the issue number, e.g. |issue=2, ''Modern Canadian Literature''. Displayed in parentheses following volume.
    • department: Title of a regular department, column, or section within the periodical or journal. Examples include "Communication", "Editorial", "Letter to the Editor", and "Review". Displays after title and is in plain text.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter does not display in this citation template (and will produce an error message).
location and publisher are enclosed in parentheses.
page and pages do not show p. or pp.
edition does not display.

तारीख (Date)

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date १] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

प्रकाशक (Publisher)

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g. a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • via: Name of the content deliverer (if different from publisher). via is not a replacement for publisher, but provides additional detail. It may be used when the content deliverer presents the source in a format other than the original (e.g. NewsBank), when the URL provided does not make clear the identity of the deliverer, where no URL or DOI is available (EBSCO), if the deliverer requests attribution, or as requested in WP:The Wikipedia Library (e.g. Credo, HighBeam). See also registration and subscription parameters.

Edition, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volumes of four characters or less display in bold.

In-source locations

साचा:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL

  • url: जिथे प्रकाशन चे मजकूर भेटू शकते, त्या ऑनलाइन स्थालाचे URL. जर title ला wikilink केला आहे, तर हे वापरू शकत नहीं. जर लागू असल्यास, तो दुवा विशिष्ट संदर्भित पानवर/पानांवर निर्देर्शित करू शकतो. URL पासून ट्रॅकिंग प्रचाल काढून टाकावे, उदाहरणार्थ, #ixzz2rBr3aO94 किंवा ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... WP:PAGELINKS पहा. कोणत्या ही व्यावसायिक पुस्तकविक्रेते, जसे, अमेज़न.कॉम, वर निर्देशित करू नये. Invalid URLs, including those containing spaces, will result in an error message.
    • access-date: Full date when the content pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink; requires url; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[date १] Not required for linked documents that do not change. For example, access-date is not required for links to copies of published research papers accessed via DOI or a published book, but should be used for links to news articles on commercial websites (these can change from time to time, even if they are also published in a physical medium). Note that access-date is the date that the URL was checked to not just be working, but to support the assertion being cited (which the current version of the page may not do). Can be hidden or styled by registered editors. Alias: accessdate.
    • archive-url: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the original URL becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archive-date and url. Alias: archiveurl.
      • archive-date: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[date १] Do not wikilink. Alias: archivedate.
      • dead-url: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |dead-url=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end. When the original URL has been usurped for the purposes of spam, advertising, or is otherwise unsuitable, setting |dead-url=unfit or |dead-url=usurped will not link to the original URL in the rendered citation; |url= is still required. Other accepted values are y, yes, or true. Alias: deadurl.
    • template-doc-demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into one of the subcategories of Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Automatically added when a PDF icon is displayed. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7b  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. १.० १.१ Access-date and archive-date in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. MOS:DATEUNIFY पहा.

Anchor

Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable. For example, |id=NCJ 122967 will append "NCJ 122967" at the end of the citation. You can use templates such as |id={{NCJ|122967}} to append साचा:NCJ instead.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: EISSN
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet. Alias: HDL
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISMN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: ISSN
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the pmid parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also the pmc parameter, above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

उद्धरण (Quote)

  • quote: स्रोत पासून घेतलेल्या उद्धरणाचा प्रासंगिक मजकूर. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation.

संपादक (Editors)

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last1, editor-surname, editor-surname1, editor1-last, editor, editor1.
    • editor: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single editor (first and last). This parameter should never hold the names of more than one editor.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first1, editor-given, editor-given1, editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-last1, editor-first1 through editor-lastn, editor-firstn (Aliases: editor-surnamen or editorn-last; editor-givenn or editorn-first; editorn). For an individual editor plus an institutional editor, you can use |editor-first1=...|editor-last1=...|editor2=....
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link1.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-link1 through editor-linkn (alias editorn-link).
  • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • veditors: comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses:
    |veditors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
  • editor-linkn and editor-maskn may be used for the individual names in |veditors=, as described above
  • editors: Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged; not an alias of editor-last
Display:
Use display-editors to control the length of the displayed editor name list and to specify when "et al." is included.
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."

Laysummary

  • lay-url: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: lay-summary, laysummary.
    • lay-source: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash. Alias: laysource.
    • lay-date: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses. Alias: laydate.

Display options

  • mode: Sets element separator, default terminal punctuation, and certain capitalization according to the value provided. For |mode=cs1, element separator is a semicolon (;); terminal punctuation is a period (.); where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are capitalized ('Retrieved...'). For |mode=cs2, element separator is a comma (,); terminal punctuation is omitted; where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are not capitalized ('retrieved...'). To override default terminal punctuation use postscript.
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed. You can also use editor-mask and translator-mask in the same way.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed. |display-authors=etal displays all authors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • last-author-amp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to y, yes, or true. Example: |last-author-amp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.

Subscription or registration required

मुख्य पान: WP:PAYWALL

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: ज्या ऑनलाइन स्रोतांसाठी रजिस्ट्रेशन गरजेचा आहे, त्यांसाठी |registration=yes (किंवा y, किंवा true) लावा; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: ज्या ऑनलाइन स्रोतांसाठी सब्सक्रिप्शन गरजेचा आहे, त्यांसाठी |subscription=yes (किंवा y, किंवा true) लावा; supersedes registration if both are set.

|registration= अथवा |subscription= साठी y, yes, किंवा true या कोडांच्या इतर जर कोणते ही चर लावले तर, एरर संदेश निर्माण होतील.

TemplateData

यथादृश्यसंपादक व इतर साधनांसाठी वापरण्यात येणारे हे टेम्प्लेटडाटा दस्तावेजीकरण आहे.

स्रोत बातमीसाठी टेम्प्लेटडाटा

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

साच्याचे प्राचल (पॅरामिटर्स)

हा साचा प्राचलांच्या इनलाईन फॉर्मॅटिंगला पसंत करतो.

प्राचल वर्णन प्रकार स्थिती
URL urlURL

ऑनलाइन स्थालाचा URL जिथे प्रकाशनाचा पाठ मिलू शकतो

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू सुचविलेले
Source title title

संकेतस्थालावर स्रोत पानाचा शीर्षक; quotes मध्ये दिसेल

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू हवे
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1authors

लेखाकाचा आडनाव; wikilink नका करू, 'authorlink' वापरा.

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown सुचविलेले
First name firstfirst1

दिलेला किंवा पहिला नाव, मधले नाव, किंवा लेखकाचे आद्याक्षरे; wikilink नका करू, 'authorlink' वापरा.

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown सुचविलेले
Source date date

स्रोताची पूर्ण तारीख; wikilink नका करू

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू सुचविलेले
Work work

स्रोत नियतकालिकाचे नाव; wikilink करू शकतात; italics मध्ये दिसेल; alias of 'newspaper', 'journal', 'magazine', 'periodical'

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू सुचविलेले
Publisher publisher

प्रकाशाकाचे नाव; शीर्शकानंतर दिसेल

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Last name 2 last2author2

दुसऱ्या लेखकाचे आडनाव; wikilink नका करू, 'authorlink' वापरा.

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
First name 2 first2

दुसऱ्या लेखकाचे दिलेला किंवा पहिला नाव, मधले नाव, किंवा लेखकाचे आद्याक्षरे; wikilink नका करू, 'authorlink' वापरा.

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
Newspaper newspaper

वृत्तपत्राचे नाव; शीर्शकानंतर दिसेल

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Month of publication month

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Editor last name editor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
Editor first name editor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
Editor link editor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
पान ऐच्छिक
Issue issuenumber

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Department department

Department within the periodical

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Location of publication location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

अविचल
रिकामे
उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
तंतू ऐच्छिक
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Agency agency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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तंतू ऐच्छिक
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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तंतू ऐच्छिक
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
ASIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

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DOI broken date doi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

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ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
OL ol

Open Library identifier

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

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PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

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RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

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Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

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id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

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Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

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Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Last name 3 last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

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First name 3 first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

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Unknown ऐच्छिक
Last name 4 last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

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Unknown ऐच्छिक
First name 4 first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

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Unknown ऐच्छिक
Last name 5 last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

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Unknown ऐच्छिक
First name 5 first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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Unknown ऐच्छिक
Last name 6 last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
First name 6 first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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Unknown ऐच्छिक
Last name 7 last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
First name 7 first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

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उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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Unknown ऐच्छिक
Last name 8 last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

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रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
First name 8 first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

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रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
Last name 9 last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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Unknown ऐच्छिक
First name 9 first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

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उदाहरण
रिकामे
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown ऐच्छिक
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as

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;
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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

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रिकामे
आकडा ऐच्छिक
Author link author-linkauthorlinkauthorlink1author-link1author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

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पान ऐच्छिक
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

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पान ऐच्छिक
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Lay URL lay-urllayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

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स्वतःच किंमत घेते
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पान ऐच्छिक
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

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Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

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Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

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Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

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Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

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Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

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पान ऐच्छिक
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

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तंतू सुचविलेले
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

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तंतू ऐच्छिक
via via

Identify the aggregator of the resource that provided the digital version (usually a database provider), when it differs from the publisher (e.g., for The Wikipedia Library)

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उदाहरण
EBSCOHost , Proquest, Newspapers.com
स्वतःच किंमत घेते
रिकामे
Unknown सुचविलेले