The Liberation of Goa: bi: History of Portuguese colonies in India: - Goa came in contact with Portugal in 15th century. - It was in 1498, that Vasco de Gama came to India. bii: The National Movement in Goa: T. N. Cunha and Goa Congress: - The national movement in Goa for independence from the Portuguese rule started in 1928. - T. B. Cunha founded Goa Congress Committee in 1928. - In 1929, the Indian National Congress gave it recognition to Goa Congress as its own branch. - The freedom movement in Goa got momentum in 1945 after the end of the Second World War. biii: Oppression of Portuguese Rulers: - In 1930, Portuguese passed the Colonies Act as per which the important rights of citizens were denied to the Goans. - Dr. T. N. Cunha formed the Goa Youth League in Mumbai in 1945 and apprised the whole Indian nations about the oppression of Goans by the Portuguese rulers. - Dr. Cunha gave held a meeting in Goa inspite of the ban and he was imprisoned for 8 years. biv: Role of Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia in Goa Liberation: - Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia made a speech in Madgaon inspite of the ban. bv: Role of Mohan Ranade: - Mohan Ranade tried to organised an armed revolt against the Portuguese rule in 1948 after bringing unity among the Goans. - The Portuguese rulers arrested Mohan Ranade and imprisoned him for 12 years. c: Satyagraha and Armed Revolt for the Liberation of Goa: - The Goans adopted the means of Satyagraha and Armed revolt to liberate Goa. - They were helped by the Nationalist leaders of Maharashtra also. ci: Liberation of Dadra and Nagarhaveli: - The young members of Azad Gomantak Dal launched the armed attacked on Dadra and Nagarhaveli. - Vishvanath Lavande, Rajabhau Vakankar, Sudhir Phadke, Kajrekar also took part in the armed revolt. - Azad Gomantak Dal liberated Dadra and Nagarhaveli by an armed revolt in 1954. cii: Satyagraha of 1954: - In 1954, Satyagraha was launched in Goa. - Nanasaheb Gore, Senapti Bapat, Peter Alvaris, Sudhatai Joshi and others presented Satyagraha in Goa. - Nanasaheb and Senapti Bapat were beaten badly by the Portuguese police and thrown behind the bars. ciii: Satyagraha of 1955 and Goa Liberation Movement: - The different political parties sent more Satyagrahis to Goa. - The Satyagrahis from Maharashtra and other different states of Goa also joined in Goa. - Some of the known Satyagrahis were Hirve Guruji, Karnal Singh, Manda Yalgi, Kamila Upasani, Prabha Sathe, Shanta Rao became martyrs. - With the martyrdom of Satyagrahis at the hands of oppressive Portuguese police the Goa Liberation Movement became more intense and more stained with blood. cvi: Cautious Policy of the Government of India: - The Goa Liberation movement had become very intense and stained with blood because of the atrocities of the Portuguese repressive policy. - It seems that Portugal would not leave India unless some strong action was taken against them. - There was danger that in case of using hard option like military, the problem of Goa could become internationalized. - The Government of India did not want that the Goa problem should attract the international interference which would not have in the good interest of the newly born Republic of India. cv: India finally used force and liberated Goa: - The Government of India took every precaution to save the situation from becoming an international issue. - All the peaceful efforts to dislodge the adamant Portugal from the Indian territory failed. - Finally the Government of India used the military option. - In December 1961, the Indian army entered Goa and recaptured Goa from the Portugal. cvi: Goa became the integral part of India on December 19, 1961: - The Indian army recaptured Goa in December 1961. - On December 19, 1961, Goa became the integral part of India.
गोव्यात हल्लीच निर्मित झालेल्या धारबांदोडा तालुक्यामुळे आता गोव्यात एकूण १२ तालुके अस्तित्त्वात आहेत. (तरूण भारत, १७ मार्च २०११)