ग्रंथ लिपी

विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून

ग्रंथ लिपी(तमिळ: கிரந்த ௭ழுத்து, मल्याळम: ഗ്രന്ഥലിപി, संस्कृत: "ग्रन्थ" म्हणजे पुस्तक किंवा लेखसंग्रह) प्राचीन काळी दक्षिण भारतात विविध भाषांसाठी वापरात येणारी एक लिपी.

ग्रंथ लिपीतील आद्याक्षरे[संपादन]

A Unicode encoding for Grantha does not yet exist. The font used in the following tables is e-Grantamil taken from INDOLIPI.

The below glyps denote the late form of Grantha Script, which can be noticed by its similarity with the Modern Tamil Script

स्वर[संपादन]

Grantha Vowels.svg

व्यंजनं[संपादन]

Grantha Consonants.svg

As with other Abugida scripts Grantha consonant signs have the inherent vowel /a/. Its absence is marked with Virāma:

Grantha Halant.svg

इतर स्वरांसाठी diacriticचा वापर केला जातो:

Grantha Matras.svg

Sometimes ligatures of consonants with vowel diacritics may be found, e.g.:

चित्र:Grantha VowelLig.svg

There are also a few special consonant forms with Virāma:

चित्र:Grantha FinCons.svg

व्यंजन समुह[संपादन]

Grantha has two ways of representing consonant clusters. Sometimes, consonants in a cluster may form ligatures.

चित्र:Grantha ConsLig.svg

Ligatures are normally preferred whenever they exist. If no ligatures exist, "stacked" forms of consonants are written, just as in Kannada and Telugu, with the lowest member of the stack being the only "live" consonant and the other members all being vowelless. Note that ligatures may be used as members of stacks also.

चित्र:Grantha SubLig.svg

विशिष्ट प्रकार:

चित्र:Grantha y.svg ‹ya› when final in a cluster, and चित्र:Grantha r.svg ‹ra› when non-initial become Grantha yvat.svg and Grantha rvat.svg respectively. These are often called "ya-phalaa" and "ra-vattu" in other Indic scripts.

460px

चित्र:Grantha r.svg ‹ra› as initial component of a cluster becomes Grantha reph.svg(called Reph as in other Indic scripts) and is shifted to the end of the cluster but placed before any "ya-phalaa".

चित्र:Grantha RephLig.svg

ग्रंथ लिपीतील आकडे[संपादन]

Grantha Numbers.svg

हे सुद्धा पहा[संपादन]