विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून
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ह्या लेखाचा/विभागाचा इंग्रजी किंवा अमराठी भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत भाषांतर करावयाचे बाकी आहे. अनुवाद करण्यास आपलाही सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाईन शब्दकोश आणि इतर सहाय्या करिता भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.

Warning signs, such as this one, can improve safety awareness.

अपयशाचे परिणाम, नुकसान, त्रूटी, अपघातs, दुखापत किंवा अशा कोणत्याही अनीष्ट घटनेपासून शारीरिक,सामाजिक,आध्यात्मिक,आर्थिक ,राजकीय,भावनिक,व्यावसायिक,मानसिक,शैक्षणिक किंवा इतर संबधीत क्षेत्रातील बाबतीत सुरक्षीत असण्याची स्थिती म्हणजे सेफ्टी होय.आरोग्य किंवा भावनिक नुक्सान होऊ शकणार्^या घटना किंवा स्थितीशी सामना करण्यापासून सुरक्षीत ठेवण्यासही सेफ्टी असे म्हणतात. यात लोकांच्या किंवा त्यांच्या मालमत्तेच्या सुरक्षेचाही आंतरभाव होतो.


सेफ्टी शब्दाच्या अजूनही दोन अर्थछ्टा आहेत.ऊदाहरणार्थ,घराची सुरक्षितता म्हणजे इमारतीची बाह्य आपत्तींपासून सुरक्षा करण्याची क्षमता.(जसे हवामान,अतीक्रमण इत्यादी.) किंवा घराच्या आतील उपकरणे घरातील रहिवास्यांकरिता सुरक्षीत आहेत यार्थीही वापरला जातो.

There also are two slightly different meanings of safety. For example, home safety may indicate a building's ability to protect against external harm events (such as weather, home invasion, etc), or may indicate that its internal installations (such as appliances, stairs, etc) are safe (not dangerous or harmful) for its habitants.


Safety can be limited in relation to some guarantee or a standard of insurance to the quality and unharmful function of an object or organization. It is used in order to ensure that the object or organization will do only what it is meant to do.

It's important to realize that safety is relative. Eliminating all risk, if even possible, would be extremely difficult and very expensive. A safe situation is one where risks of injury or property damage are low and manageable.

सेफ्टीचे प्रकार[संपादन]

It is important to distinguish between products that meet standards, that are safe, and those that merely feel safe. The highway safety community uses these terms:

Normative safety[मराठी शब्द सुचवा][संपादन]

Normative safety is a term used to describe products or designs that meet applicable design standards.

Substantive safety [मराठी शब्द सुचवा][संपादन]

Substantive, or objective safety means that the real-world safety history is favorable, whether or not standards are met.

Perceived safety[मराठी शब्द सुचवा][संपादन]

Perceived, or subjective safety refers to the level of comfort of users. For example, traffic signals are perceived as safe, yet under some circumstances, they can increase traffic crashes at an intersection. Traffic roundabouts have a generally favorable safety record, yet often make drivers nervous.

Risks आणि responses प्रतिसाद/प्रतिक्रीया[संपादन]

Safety is generally interpreted as implying a real and significant impact on risk of death, injury or damage to property. In response to perceived risks many interventions may be proposed with engineering responses and regulation being two of the most common.

Probably the most common individual response to perceived safety issues is insurance, which compensates for or provides restitution in the case of damage or loss.

System safety आणि reliability engineering विश्वासार्हता अभियांत्रिकी[मराठी शब्द सुचवा][संपादन]

System safety and reliability engineering is an engineering discipline. Continuous changes in technology, environmental regulation and public safety concerns make the analysis of complex safety-critical systems more and more demanding.

A common fallacy, for example among electrical engineers regarding structure power systems, is that safety issues can be readily deduced. In fact, safety issues have been discovered one by one, over more than a century in the case mentioned, in the work of many thousands of practitioners, and cannot be deduced by a single individual over a few decades. A knowledge of the literature, the standards and custom in a field is a critical part of safety engineering. A combination of theory and track record of practices is involved, and track record indicates some of the areas of theory that are relevant. (In the USA, persons with a state license in Professional Engineering in Electrical Engineering are expected to be competent in this regard, the foregoing notwithstanding, but most electrical engineers have no need of the license for their work.)

Safety is often seen as one of a group of related disciplines: quality, reliability, availability, maintainability and safety. (Availability is sometimes not mentioned, on the principle that it is a simple function of reliability and maintainability.) These issues tend to determine the value of any work, and deficits in any of these areas are considered to result in a cost, beyond the cost of addressing the area in the first place; good management is then expected to minimize total cost.

सेफ्टी मेजर्स[संपादन]

  • Visual examination for flaws such asSafety measures are activities and precautions taken to improve safety, i.e. reduce risk related to human health. Common safety measures include:
    • Root cause analysis to identify causes of a system failure and correct deficiencies.
    • Visual examination for dangerous situations such as emergency exits blocked because they are being used as storage areas. cracks, peeling, loose connections.
  • Chemical analysis
  • X-ray analysis to see inside a sealed object such as a weld, a cement wall or an airplane outer skin.
  • Destructive testing of samples
  • Stress testing subjects a person or product to stresses in excess of those the person or product is designed to handle, to determining the "breaking point".
  • Safety margins/Safety factors. For instance, a product rated to never be required to handle more than 200 pounds might be designed to fail under at least 400 pounds, a safety factor of two. Higher numbers are used in more sensitive applications such as medical or transit safety.
  • Implementation of standard protocols and procedures so that activities are conducted in a known way.
  • Training of employees, vendors, product users
  • Instruction manuals explaining how to use a product or perform an activity
  • Instructional videos demonstrating proper use of products
  • Examination of activities by specialists to minimize physical stress or increase productivity
  • Government regulation so suppliers know what standards their product is expected to meet.
  • Industry regulation so suppliers know what level of quality is expected. Industry regulation is often imposed to avoid potential government regulation.
  • Self-imposed regulation of various types.
  • Statements of Ethics by industry organizations or an individual company so its employees know what is expected of them.
  • Drug testing of employees, etc.
  • Physical examinations to determine whether a person has a physical condition that would create a problem.
  • Periodic evaluations of employees, departments, etc.
  • Geological surveys to determine whether land or water sources are polluted, how firm the ground is at a potential building site, etc.

प्रमाणीकरण संस्था[संपादन]

A number of standards organizations exist that promulgate safety standards. These may be voluntary organizations or government agencies.

United States[संपादन]

American National Standards Institute[संपादन]

A major American standards organization is the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Usually, members of a particular industry will voluntarily form a committee to study safety issues and propose standards. Those standards are then recommended to ANSI, which reviews and adopts them. Many government regulations require that products sold or used must comply with a particular ANSI standard.

चाचणी प्रयोगशाळा[संपादन]

Product safety testing, for the United States, is largely controlled by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. In addition, workplace related products come under the jurisdiction of the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), which certifies independent testing companies as Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratories (NRTL), see [१].

शासकीय एजन्सिज[संपादन]

Many government agencies set safety standards for matters under their jurisdiction, such as:

इतर देश[संपादन]

प्रमाणीकरण संस्था[संपादन]

चाचणी प्रयोगशाळा[संपादन]

Many countries have national organizations that have accreditation to test and/or submit test reports for safety certification. These are typically referred to as a Notified or Competent Body. The most common is the IECEE Certification Body Scheme, see [२]

हेसुद्धा पहा[संपादन]

वबाह्य दुवे[संपादन]

लेखात प्रयुक्त संज्ञा[संपादन]

शब्दाचा विशेष संदर्भ/अर्थ छटा[संपादन]

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इंग्रजी मराठी संज्ञा[संपादन]

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