"दिल्ली" च्या विविध आवृत्यांमधील फरक

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७,७६५ बाइट्सची भर घातली ,  ९ वर्षांपूर्वी
बदलांचा आढावा नाही
छो (सांगकाम्याने बदलले: mg:Faritan'i Delhi)
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'''दिल्ली'''({{Lang-hi|दिल्ली}}, {{Lang-pa|ਦਿੱਲੀ}}, {{Lang-ur|{{Nastaliq|دِلّی}}}}) or '''Dehli''' ({{Lang-hi|देहली}}, {{Lang-pa|ਦੇਹਲੀ}}, {{Lang-ur|{{Nastaliq|دهلی}}}}) हे उत्तर [[भारत|भारतातील]] एक महानगर आहे. तांत्रिकदृष्ट्या दिल्ली एक विशेष केंद्रशासित प्रदेश आहे, ज्याचा कारभार केंद्र सरकार, दिल्ली राज्य शासन आणि तीन महानगर पालिका पाहतात. [[नवी दिल्ली]], जी भारतीय प्रजासत्ताकाची राजधानी आहे, ती दिल्ली या महानगरातील एक शहरी भाग आहे. दिल्लीची लोकसंख्या सुमारे दीड कोटी (इ.स. २००५चा अंदाज) असून ते जगातील सातवे सगळ्यांत जास्त लोकसंख्या असलेले महानगर आहे.<ref name="habib1999jkf">{{Citation | title=The agrarian system of Mughal India, 1556-1707 | author=Irfan Habib | publisher=Oxford University Press, 1999 | isbn=9780195623291 | url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=0ymFAAAAIAAJ | quote=''... The current Survey of India spellings are followed for place names except where they vary rather noticeably from the spellings in our sources: thus I read "Dehli" not "Delhi ...''}}</ref><ref name="jrasgbi1824fjs">{{Citation | title=Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland | author=Royal Asiatic Society | publisher=Cambridge University Press, 1834 | isbn=| url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=mtosAAAAIAAJ | quote=''... also Dehli or Dilli, not Delhi ...''}}</ref><ref name="karamchandani1968ysf">{{Citation | title=India, the beautiful | author=L.T. Karamchandani| publisher=Sita Publication, 1968 | isbn=| url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=_sHWfveQGksC | quote=''... According to available evidence the present Delhi, spelt in Hindustani as Dehli or Dilli, derived its name from King ...''}}</ref><ref name="ngjoi1994glk">{{Citation | title=The National geographical journal of India, Volume 40| author=| publisher=National Geographical Society of India, 1994 | isbn=| url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=aqqAAAAAMAAJ | quote=''... The name which remained the most popular is Dilli with variation in its pronunciation as Dilli, Dehli, or Delhi ...''}}</ref> It is the [[List of metropolitan areas by population|eighth largest metropolis in the world by population]] with 16,753,235 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census. दिल्ली परिसरातील लोकसंख्या २.२ कोटी असून त्यात नवी दिल्ली, नोऐडा, ग्रेटर नोऐडा, गाझियाबाद, गुडगाव आणि फरिदाबाद यांचा समावेश होतो. <ref name="un">{{cite web|url=http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/index.htm|title=World Urbanization Prospects: The 2009 Revision Population Database|accessdate=2 April 2019|publisher=UN}}</ref> The name Delhi is often also used to include urban areas near the NCT, as well as to refer to [[New Delhi]], the capital of India, which lies within the metropolis. Although technically a federally administered [[union territory]], the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a [[States of India|state]] of India with its own [[legislature]], [[high court]] and an executive council of ministers headed by a [[Chief Minister]]. New Delhi, jointly administered by both the federal [[Government of India]] and the local [[Government of Delhi]], is also the capital of the NCT of Delhi.
 
Located on the banks of the [[River Yamuna]], Delhi has been known to be [[List of cities by time of continuous habitation|continuously inhabited]] since at least the 6th century BC,<ref name=asherhabit>{{cite book|last=Asher|first=Catherine B|editor=James D. Tracy|title= City Walls|origyear=2000 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=gSupaU3vVacC&pg=PA249&lpg=PA249&dq=delhi+continuously+inhabited |accessdate=1 November 2008|publisher=Cambridge University Press|location=|language=|isbn=0521652219 |pages=247–281|chapter=Chapter 9:Delhi walled: Changing Boundaries|year=2000}}</ref> though human habitation is believed to have existed since the second millennium BC.<ref name=tourhist/> Delhi is also widely believed to have been the site of [[Indraprastha]], the legendary capital of the [[Pandavas]] during the times of the [[Mahabharata]].<ref name=ecosurv1/> Delhi re-emerged as a major political, cultural and commercial city along the [[trade route]]s between northwest India and the [[Gangetic plain]] after the rise of the [[Delhi sultanate]]s.<ref>{{cite book |last=Necipoglu |first=Gulru |title= Muqarnas: An Annual on the Visual Culture of the Islamic World |origyear=2002 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=UJc2u33fCKQC&pg=PA16&dq=delhi+sultanate+political+center+city+delhi|accessdate=1 November 2008|publisher=BRILL|isbn=9004125930 |pages= 12–43|chapter=Epigraphs, Scripture, and Architecture in the Early Sultanate of Delhi|chapterurl= |year=2002}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last=Aitken |first=Bill|title=Speaking Stones: World Cultural Heritage Sites in India |origyear=2002 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=lu5jGGQ8fJkC&pg=PA21&dq=delhi+continuously+inhabited|accessdate=1 November 2008|publisher=Eicher Goodearth Limited|isbn=8187780002|pages=264 pages|chapter=|chapterurl= |year=2001}}</ref> It is the site of many ancient and medieval monuments, archaeological sites and remains. In 1639, Mughal emperor [[Shahjahan]] built a new [[Shahjahanabad|walled city]] in Delhi which served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1649 to 1857.<ref>{{cite book |title=The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge |url=http://books.google.com/?id=oa1PAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA621&dq=delhi+capital+1911#PPA621,M1|accessdate=1 November 2008|publisher=Encyclopedia Americana Corp|isbn=|page=621 |year=1918|volume=8}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last=Sehgal|first=R.L.|title=Slum Upgradation: Emerging Issue & Policy Implication's |origyear=1998 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=ONFPAAAAMAAJ&q=shahjanabad+built&dq=shahjanabad+built|accessdate=1 November 2008|publisher=Bookwell Publications|isbn=8185040184|page=97|chapter=|chapterurl= |year=1998}}</ref>
 
After the [[British East India Company]] had gained control of much of India during the 18th and 19th centuries, [[Kolkata|Calcutta]] became the capital both under [[Company rule in India|Company rule]] and under the [[British Raj]], until [[George V of the United Kingdom|George V]] announced in 1911 that it was to move back to Delhi. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s.<ref>{{cite book |last=Vale|first=Lawrence J.|title=Architecture, power, and national identity |url=http://books.google.com/?id=3Fm3XlYuSzAC&pg=RA1-PA88&dq=delhi+capital+india+calcutta+george|accessdate=1 November 2008|publisher=Yale University Press |isbn=030004958|pages=88–100|chapter=|chapterurl=|year=1992}}</ref> When India gained [[History of the Republic of India|independence from British rule]] in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government. As such, New Delhi houses important offices of the federal government, including the [[Parliament of India]], as well as numerous national museums, monuments, and art galleries.
 
राजधानीचे शहर असल्याने देशातील विविध भागातून नागरिक स्थायिक झाले आहेत, त्यामुळे दिल्ली हे एक बहुसांस्कृतीक महानगर बनले आहे. झपाटयाने झालेले शहरी करण व वेगाने झालेला विकास त्यामुळे दिल्ली चे आर्थिक क्षेत्रात विकास झाला आहे. दिल्लीच्या नागरिकांचे सरासरी मिळकत ही राष्ट्रीय सरासरी पेक्षा बरीच जास्त आहे.<ref name="dayal">{{cite journal |last=Dayal |first=Ravi |year=2002 |month=July |title=A Kayastha’s View |journal=Seminar (web edition) |issue=515 |url=http://www.india-seminar.com/2002/515/515%20ravi%20dayal.htm |accessdate=29 January 2007}}</ref>
 
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