साहित्यातील नोबेल पारितोषिक
विकिपीडिया, मुक्त ज्ञानकोशातून
|या लेखाचा/विभागाचा सध्याचा मजकूर पुढील परभाषेत आहे : इंग्रजी भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत अनुवाद करण्यास आपला सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाइन शब्दकोश आणि इतर साहाय्यासाठी भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.|
१९१३ सालचे साहित्यातील नोबेल पारितोषिक रविंद्रनाथ टागोरांना देण्यात आले होते. आजतागायत भारतीय साहित्यिकाला मिळालेले हे एकमेव नोबेल आहे.
ह्या पुरस्काराचे वितरण दरवर्षी १० डिसेंबर रोजी स्टॉकहोम शहरात केले जाते.
आजवरचे नोबेल पुरस्कृत साहित्यिक [संपादन]
|वर्ष||साहित्यिक||देश||भाषा||कारण (इंग्लिश भाषेमध्ये)|
|१९०१||सली प्रुडहॉम||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect"|
|१९०२||थियोडोर मोम्सेन||जर्मनी||जर्मन||"the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome"|
|१९०३||ब्यर्नख्वेर्ने ब्यर्नसन||नॉर्वे||नॉर्वेजियन||"as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"|
|१९०४||फ्रेडरिक मिस्त्राल||फ्रान्स||ऑक्सितान||"in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist"|
|होजे इचेगारे||स्पेन||स्पॅनिश||"in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"|
|१९०५||हेन्रिक शेनक्येव्हिच||पोलंड||पोलिश||"because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"|
|1906||जियोस्यू कार्दुची||इटली||इटालियन||"not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"|
|१९०७||रुड्यार्ड किप्लिंग||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author"|
|१९०८||रुडॉल्फ क्रिस्टॉफ युकेन||जर्मनी||जर्मन||"in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"|
|१९०९||सेल्मा लॅगरल्यॉफ||स्वीडन||स्वीडिश||"in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"|
|१९१०||पॉल हेसे||जर्मनी||जर्मन||"as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"|
|१९११||मॉरिस मॅतेरलेंक||बेल्जियम||फ्रेंच||"in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations"|
|१९१२||गेरहार्ट हाउप्टमान||जर्मनी||जर्मन||"primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art"|
|१९१३||रविंद्रनाथ टागोर||भारत||बांग्ला||"because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West"|
|१९१५||रोमेन रोलांद||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings"|
|१९१६||व्हर्नर फॉन हायडेनस्टाम||स्वीडन||स्वीडिश||"in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"|
|1917||Karl Adolph Gjellerup||डेन्मार्क||डॅनिश||"for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals"|
|Henrik Pontoppidan||डेन्मार्क||डॅनिश||"for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark"|
|1919||Carl Spitteler||स्वित्झर्लंड||जर्मन||"in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring"|
|1920||Knut Hamsun||Norway||Norwegian||"for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil"|
|1921||Anatole France||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament"|
|1922||Jacinto Benavente||Spain||Spanish||"for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"|
|1923||William Butler Yeats||Ireland||इंग्लिश||"for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"|
|1924||Władysław Reymont||Poland||Polish||"for his great national epic, The Peasants"|
|1925||George Bernard Shaw||Ireland||इंग्लिश||"for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty"|
|1926||Grazia Deledda||Italy||Italian||"for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"|
|1927||75px||Henri Bergson||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented"|
|1928||Sigrid Undset||Norway||Norwegian||"principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"|
|1929||Thomas Mann||Germany||जर्मन||"principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"|
|1930||Sinclair Lewis||United States||इंग्लिश||"for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters"|
|1931||Erik Axel Karlfeldt||Sweden||Swedish||"The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"|
|1932||John Galsworthy||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"|
|Russian||"for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"|
|1934||Luigi Pirandello||Italy||Italian||"for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"|
|1936||Eugene O'Neill||United States||इंग्लिश||"for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"|
|1937||Roger Martin du Gard||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault"|
|1938||Pearl S. Buck||United States||इंग्लिश||"for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"|
|1939||Frans Eemil Sillanpää||Finland||Finnish||"for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature"|
|1944||Johannes Vilhelm Jensen||Denmark||Danish||"for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style"|
|1945||Gabriela Mistral||Chile||Spanish||"for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"|
|1946||Hermann Hesse||Switzerland||जर्मन||"for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"|
|1947||André Gide||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"|
|1948||T. S. Eliot||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"|
|1949||William Faulkner||United States||इंग्लिश||"for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"|
|1950||Bertrand Russell||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"|
|1951||Pär Lagerkvist||Sweden||Swedish||"for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"|
|1952||François Mauriac||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"|
|1953||Winston Churchill||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"|
|1954||Ernest Hemingway||United States||इंग्लिश||"for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"|
|1955||Halldór Laxness||Iceland||Icelandic||"for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"|
|1956||Juan Ramón Jiménez||Spain||Spanish||"for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"|
|1957||आल्बेर काम्यू||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times"|
|1958||Boris Pasternak||सोवियेत संघ||Russian||"for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"|
|1959||Salvatore Quasimodo||Italy||Italian||"for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"|
|1960||Saint-John Perse||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time"|
|1961||Ivo Andrić||Yugoslavia||Serbo-Croatian||"for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"|
|1962||John Steinbeck||United States||इंग्लिश||"for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"|
|1963||Giorgos Seferis||Greece||Greek||"for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"|
|1964||Jean-Paul Sartre||France||फ्रेंच||"for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age"|
|1965||Mikhail Sholokhov||Soviet Union||Russian||"for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"|
|1966||Shmuel Yosef Agnon||Israel||Hebrew||"for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"|
|Nelly Sachs||Sweden||जर्मन]]||"for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"|
|1967||Miguel Ángel Asturias||Guatemala||Spanish||"for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America"|
|1968||75px||Kawabata Yasunari||Japan||Japanese||"for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind"|
|1969||Samuel Beckett||Ireland||इंग्लिश and फ्रेंच||"for his writing, which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"|
|1970||Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn||Soviet Union||Russian||"for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"|
|1971||Pablo Neruda||Chile||Spanish||"for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"|
|1972||Heinrich Böll||West Germany||जर्मन]]||"for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"|
|1973||75px||Patrick White||Australia||इंग्लिश||"for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature"|
|1974||Eyvind Johnson||Sweden||Swedish||"for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom"|
|Harry Martinson||Sweden||Swedish||"for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos"|
|1975||Eugenio Montale||Italy||Italian||"for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"|
|1976||Saul Bellow||United States||इंग्लिश||"for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"|
|1977||Vicente Aleixandre||Spain||Spanish||"for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars"|
|1978||Isaac Bashevis Singer||United States||Yiddish||"for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"|
|1979||75px||Odysseas Elytis||Greece||Greek||"for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"|
|Polish||"who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"|
|जर्मन]]||"for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"|
|1982||Gabriel García Márquez||Colombia||Spanish||"for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"|
|1983||75px||William Golding||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today"|
|1984||Jaroslav Seifert||Czechoslovakia||Czech||"for his poetry which endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man"|
|1985||75px||Claude Simon||फ्रान्स||फ्रेंच||"who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition"|
|1986||Wole Soyinka||Nigeria||इंग्लिश||"who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence"|
|1987||75px||Joseph Brodsky||United States||इंग्लिश and Russian||"for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"|
|1988||Naguib Mahfouz||Egypt||Arabic||"who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind"|
|1989||Camilo José Cela||Spain||Spanish||"for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"|
|1990||Octavio Paz||Mexico||Spanish||"for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"|
|1991||Nadine Gordimer||South Africa||इंग्लिश||"who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"|
|1992||Derek Walcott||Saint Lucia||इंग्लिश||"for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment"|
|1993||Toni Morrison||United States||इंग्लिश||"who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"|
|1994||Kenzaburō Ōe||Japan||Japanese||"who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today"|
|1995||Seamus Heaney||Ireland||इंग्लिश||"for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"|
|१९९६||विस्वावा शिंबोर्स्का||पोलंड||पोलिश||"for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"|
|१९९७||दारियो फो||इटली||इटालियन||"who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"|
|१९९८||होजे सरमागो||पोर्तुगाल||पोर्तुगीज||"who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"|
|१९९९||ग्युंटर ग्रास||जर्मनी||जर्मन||"whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"|
|२०००||गाओ शिंगच्यान||फ्रान्स||चिनी||"for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama"|
|२००१||व्ही.एस. नायपॉल||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories"|
|२००२||इम्रे केर्तेस||हंगेरी||हंगेरियन||"for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"|
|२००३||जॉन मॅक्सवेल कूट्झी||दक्षिण आफ्रिका||इंग्लिश||"who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"|
|२००४||एल्फ्रीड येलिनेक||ऑस्ट्रिया||जर्मन||"for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"|
|२००५||हॅरल्ड पिंटर||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"|
|२००६||ओर्हान पामुक||तुर्कस्तान||तुर्की||"who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"|
|२००७||डोरिस लेसिंग||युनायटेड किंग्डम||इंग्लिश||"that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"|
|२००८||ज्यां-मारी गुस्ताव क्लेझ्यो||फ्रान्स
|फ्रेंच||"author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization"|
|जर्मन||"who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"|
|२०१०||मारियो वर्गास योसा||पेरू
|स्पॅनिश||"for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat".|
|२०११||टोमास ट्रांस्ट्रोमर||स्वीडन||स्वीडिश||"because, through his condensed, transluscent images, he gives us fresh access to reality".|
|या लेखाचा/विभागाचा सध्याचा मजकूर पुढील परभाषेत आहे : [[अनोळखी भाषा संकेत]] भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत अनुवाद करण्यास आपला सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाइन शब्दकोश आणि इतर साहाय्यासाठी भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.|
- Nobel Prize in Literature 1901.
- Nobel Prize in Literature 1902.
- Nobel Prize in Literature 1903.
- Nobel Prize in Literature 1904.
- Nobel Prize in Literature 1905.
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- Nobel Prize in Literature 2000.
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- Nobel Prize in Literature 2005.
- Nobel Prize in Literature 2006.
- Nobel Prize in Literature 2007.
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 2008.
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 2009.
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 2010.
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 2011.
बाह्य दुवे [संपादन]
- साहित्यातील नोबेल पारितोषिकविजेते. (इंग्लिश मजकूर)