संगणक वैज्ञानिक

विकिपीडिया, मुक्‍त ज्ञानकोशातून

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कृपया या लेखाचा / विभागाचा विस्तार करण्यास मदत करा.
अधिक माहितीसाठी या लेखाचे चर्चा पान, विस्तार कसा करावा? किंवा इतर विस्तार विनंत्या पाहा.
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ह्या लेखाचा/विभागाचा इंग्रजी किंवा अमराठी भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत भाषांतर करावयाचे बाकी आहे. अनुवाद करण्यास आपलाही सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाईन शब्दकोश आणि इतर सहाय्या करिता भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.

Wil van der Aalst - business process management, process mining, Petri nets Hal Abelson - intersection of computing and teaching Serge Abiteboul - database theory Samson Abramsky - game semantics Leonard Adleman - RSA, DNA computing Manindra Agrawal - polynomial-time primality testing Luis von Ahn - human-based computation Alfred Aho - compilers book, the 'a' in AWK Amos Nuwasiima - PHP Programming book Frances E. Allen - compiler optimization Alexander Scaranti - Image Processing, Image Retrieval Gene Amdahl - supercomputer developer, founder of Amdahl Corporation Tom Anderson[disambiguation needed] - dependability, fault-tolerant computing A. Annerl - multidimensional processing, computational complexity theory Andrew Appel - compilers text books Sanjeev Arora - PCP theorem John Vincent Atanasoff - computer pioneer

Charles Babbage - invented first mechanical computer Charles Bachman Roland Carl Backhouse - mathematics of program construction John Backus - FORTRAN, Backus–Naur form David A. Bader Anthony James Barr - SAS System Rudolf Bayer - B-tree James C. Beatty, Jr. - compiler optimization,[1] super-computing[2] Gordon Bell - DEC VAX, Computer Structures Steven M. Bellovin - network security Tim Berners-Lee - World Wide Web Peter Bernus Dines Bjørner - Vienna Development Method (VDM), RAISE Gerrit Blaauw - one of the principal designers of the IBM System 360 line of computers Manuel Blum - cryptography Barry Boehm - software engineering economics, spiral development Grady Booch - Unified Modeling Language, Object Management Group George Boole - Boolean logic Bert Bos - Cascading Style Sheets Jonathan Bowen - Z notation, formal methods Stephen R. Bourne - Bourne shell, portable ALGOL 68C compiler Robert S. Boyer - string searching, ACL2 theorem prover Jack E. Bresenham - early computer graphics contributions including Bresenham's algorithm David J. Brown - Unified Memory Architecture, Binary Compatibility Per Brinch Hansen (surname "Brinch Hansen") - concurrency Sjaak Brinkkemper - methodology of product software development Fred Brooks - System 360, OS/360, The Mythical Man-Month, No Silver Bullet Rod Brooks Alan Burns - real-time computing Ben Aaron Mwale - computer systems

Martin Campbell-Kelly - history of computing Luca Cardelli - objects Edwin Catmull - computer graphics Vinton Cerf - Internet, TCP/IP Gregory Chaitin Zhou Chaochen - duration calculus Xiuzhen (Susan) Cheng - computer networks Alonzo Church - mathematics of combinators, lambda calculus Gabriel Ciobanu - semantics, process calculi, membrane computing Edmund M. Clarke - model checking John Cocke - RISC Edgar F. Codd - formulated the database relational model Paul Justin Compton - Ripple Down Rules Gordon Cormack - co-inventor of dynamic Markov compression Stephen Cook - NP-completeness James Cooley - Fast Fourier transform (FFT) Fernando J. Corbató - Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), Multics Patrick Cousot - abstract interpretation Seymour Cray - Cray Research, supercomputer Nello Cristianini - Machine learning, pattern analysis, artificial intelligence

Ole-Johan Dahl - Simula Andries van Dam - computer graphics, hypertext Christopher J. Date - proponent of database relational model Erik Demaine - computational origami Tom DeMarco Dorothy E. Denning - computer security Peter J. Denning - identified the use of an operating system's working set and balance set, President of ACM Michael Dertouzos - Director of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS) from 1974 to 2001 Alexander Dewdney Vinod Dham - P5 Pentium processor Jan Dietz Whitfield Diffie - cryptography Edsger Dijkstra - algorithms, Goto considered harmful, semaphore (programming) Jack Dongarra - linear algebra high performance computing Marco Dorigo - ant colony optimization Paul Dourish - human computer interaction Charles Stark Draper - Apollo Guidance Computer Susan Dumais - Information Retrieval Adam Dunkels - Protothreads Alan Dix - literally wrote the book on HCI

Annie J. Easley Wim Ebbinkhuijsen - COBOL John Presper Eckert - ENIAC Philip-Emeagwali - supercomputing E. Allen Emerson - model checking Douglas Engelbart - tiled windows, hypertext, computer mouse Andrey Ershov Christopher Riche Evans David C. Evans - computer graphics Shimon Even

Scott Fahlman Edward Feigenbaum - intelligence Edward Felten - computer security Tim Finin Raphael Finkel Donald Firesmith Tommy Flowers - Colossus computer Robert Floyd - NP-completeness James D. Foley Ken Forbus Herbert W. Franke Daniel P. Friedman

Richard Gabriel Zvi Galil Bernard Galler - MAD (programming language) Hector Garcia-Molina Michael Garey - NP-completeness Hugo de Garis David Gelernter Charles Geschke Seymour Ginsburg - formal languages, automata theory, AFL theory, database theory Robert L. Glass Kurt Gödel - computability - not a computer scientist per se, but his work was invaluable in the field Joseph Goguen Adele Goldberg - Smalltalk Ian Goldberg - cryptographer, off-the-record messaging Oded Goldreich - cryptography, computational complexity theory Shafi Goldwasser - cryptography, computational complexity theory Gene Golub - matrix (math) computation Martin Charles Golumbic - algorithmic graph theory James Gosling - NeWS, Java (programming language) Paul Graham - Viaweb, On Lisp, Arc Susan L. Graham - compilers, programming environments Jim Gray - database Sheila Greibach - Greibach normal form, AFL theory Ralph Griswold - SNOBOL Barbara J. Grosz - Natural Language Processing, Planning, Centering Theory Tom Gruber Ramanathan V. Guha - RDF, Netscape, RSS (file format), Epinions Neil J. Gunther - computer performance analysis, capacity planning Peter G. Gyarmati - adaptivity in operating systems and networking

Philipp Matthäus Hahn - mechanical calculator Eldon C. Hall - Apollo Guidance Computer Joseph Halpern Richard Hamming - Hamming code, founder of the Association for Computing Machinery Jiawei Han - Data mining Juris Hartmanis - computational complexity theory Johan Håstad - computational complexity theory Les Hatton - software failure and vulnerabilities He Jifeng - provably correct systems Martin Hellman Gernot Heiser - Development of L4 and founder of OK Labs James Hendler - Semantic Web John L. Hennessy - computer architecture Andrew Herbert Danny Hillis - Connection Machine Geoffrey Hinton Julia B. Hirschberg - Computational Linguistics C. A. R. Hoare - Logic, rigor, Communicating sequential processes (CSP) John Henry Holland - genetic algorithms Herman Hollerith - invented recording of data on a machine readable medium, using punched cards John Hopcroft - compilers Admiral Grace Hopper - compilers, COBOL Alston Householder David A. Huffman - Huffman code

Jean Ichbiah - Ada (programming language) Kenneth E. Iverson - APL (programming language), J (programming language)

Ivar Jacobson - Unified Modeling Language, Object Management Group Ramesh Jain Jonathan James David S. Johnson Stephen C. Johnson Cliff Jones - Vienna Development Method (VDM) Michael I. Jordan Aravind K. Joshi Bill Joy - Sun Microsystems, BSD UNIX, vi, csh

William Kahan - numerical analysis Robert E. Kahn - TCP/IP Avinash Kak - digital image processing Daniel Mopati Kapeng - web designing principles Alan Kay - Dynabook, Smalltalk, overlapping windows Richard Karp - NP-completeness Narendra Karmarkar - Karmarkar's algorithm Marek Karpinski - NP optimization problems John George Kemeny - BASIC Ken Kennedy - compiling for parallel and vector machines Brian Kernighan - Unix, the 'k' in AWK Carl Kesselman - grid computing Gregor Kiczales - CLOS, reflection (computer science), aspect-oriented programming Stephen Cole Kleene - Kleene closure, recursion theory Leonard Kleinrock - ARPANET, queueing theory, packet switching, hierarchical routing Donald Knuth - The Art of Computer Programming, MIX/MMIX, TeX, literate programming Andrew Koenig - C++ Michael Kölling - BlueJ Janet L. Kolodner - case-based reasoning David Korn - Korn shell Kees Koster - ALGOL 68 John Koza - genetic programming Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov - algorithmic complexity theory Robert Kowalski - logic programming John Krogstie - SEQUAL framework Joseph Kruskal - Kruskal's algorithm Thomas E. Kurtz - BASIC

Monica S. Lam Leslie Lamport - algorithms for distributed computing, LaTeX. Butler W. Lampson Peter J. Landin Tom Lane (computer scientist) Börje Langefors Joshua Lederberg Manny M Lehman - Laws of Software Evolution Charles E. Leiserson - cache-oblivious algorithms, provably good work-stealing, coauthor of Introduction to Algorithms Douglas Lenat - artificial intelligence, Cyc Rasmus Lerdorf - PHP Leonid Levin - computational complexity theory J.C.R. Licklider David Liddle John Lions - Lions Book Richard J. Lipton - computational complexity theory Barbara Liskov - programming languages Ada Lovelace - first programmer Nancy Lynch

Teddy Murray, computer hacker Mohamed Medhat Zohar Manna - fuzzy logic Max Levchin - Gausebeck-Lechin Test and PayPal James Martin - information engineering John Mashey Yuri Matiyasevich - solving Hilbert's tenth problem Yukihiro Matsumoto - Ruby (programming language) John McCarthy - Lisp (programming language), artificial intelligence Douglas McIlroy - pipes Kathleen R. McKeown - Natural Language Processing - Automatic Summarization Chris McKinstry - artificial intelligence, Mindpixel Marshall Kirk McKusick - BSD, Berkeley Fast File System Lambert Meertens - ALGOL 68, ABC (programming language) Bertrand Meyer - Eiffel (programming language) Silvio Micali - cryptography Robin Milner - ML (programming language) Marvin Minsky - artificial intelligence, perceptrons, Society of Mind Dr. Paul Mockapetris - Domain Name System (DNS) Cleve Moler - numerical analysis, MATLAB Edward F. Moore - Moore machine Gordon Moore - Moore's law J Strother Moore - string searching, ACL2 theorem prover Dr. Al Moskowitz - Rule-based system algorithm synthesis using nondeterministic finite-state machines. Hans Moravec Robert Tappan Morris - Morris worm Joel Moses - Macsyma Stephen Muggleton Debajyoti Mukhopadhyay - interoperability, web mining

Mihai Nadin - anticipation research Makoto Nagao - machine translation, natural language processing, digital library Frieder Nake - pioneered computer arts Peter Naur - BNF, ALGOL 60 Roger Needham James G. Nell - GERAM Bernard de Neumann - massively parallel autonomous cellular processor, software engineering research John von Neumann - early computers, von Neumann machine Allen Newell - artificial intelligence, Computer Structures Max Newman - Colossus, MADM Andrew Ng - artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics Nils Nilsson - artificial intelligence G.M. Nijssen - NIAM Jerre Noe Emmy Noether Peter Nordin - artificial intelligence, genetic programming, evolutionary robotics Donald Norman - user interfaces, usability George Novacky - Assistant Department Chair and Senior Lecturer in Computer Science, Assistant Dean of CAS for Undergraduate Studies at University of Pittsburgh Kristen Nygaard - Simula

T. William Olle - Ferranti Mercury Mark Overmars - game programming

Christos Papadimitriou David Parnas - information hiding, modular programming Yale Patt - ILP[disambiguation needed], speculative architectures David A. Patterson Judea Pearl - artificial intelligence, Search[disambiguation needed] Alan Perlis - Programming Pearls Radia Perlman - spanning tree protocol Simon Peyton Jones - functional programming Gordon Plotkin Amir Pnueli - temporal logic Willem van der Poel - computer graphics, robotics, geographic information systems, imaging, multimedia, virtual environments, games Martha Pollack - intentions in planning Emil Post - mathematics Jon Postel - Internet Franco Preparata

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Michael O. Rabin - nondeterministic machines T. V. Raman - accessibility, Emacspeak, etc. Brian Randell - dependability Yoav Raz - databases: commitment ordering (or commit ordering) for guaranteeing distributed and global serializability Raj Reddy - AI David P. Reed John C. Reynolds Joyce K. Reynolds - Internet Adam Riese Dennis Ritchie - C (programming language), UNIX Ron Rivest - RSA, MD5, RC4 Colette Rolland - REMORA methodology, meta modelling Azriel Rosenfeld Douglas T. Ross - Structured Analysis and Design Technique Guido van Rossum - Python (programming language) Winston W. Royce - Waterfall model Rudy Rucker - mathematician, Writer, Educator Steven Rudich - complexity theory, cryptography Jeff Rulifson James Rumbaugh - Unified Modeling Language, Object Management Group Raj Chandel - hacker

Siddhant Kotnala - programming Languages,Operating System George Sadowsky Gerard Salton - information retrieval Jean E. Sammet - programming languages Claude Sammut - Artificial Intelligence researcher Carl Sassenrath - operating systems, programming languages, Amiga, REBOL Jonathan Schaeffer Wilhelm Schickard - one of first calculating machines Bruce Schneier - cryptography, security Fred B. Schneider - concurrent and distributed computing Dana Scott - domain theory Michael L. Scott - programming languages, algorithms, distributed computing Ravi Sethi - compilers, 2nd Dragon Book Adi Shamir - RSA, cryptanalysis Claude Shannon - information theory David E. Shaw - computational finance, computational biochemistry, parallel architectures Scott Shenker - networking Ben Shneiderman - human-computer interaction, information visualization Edward H. Shortliffe - MYCIN (Medical diagnostoc expert system) Joseph Sifakis - model checking Herbert Simon - artificial intelligence Daniel Sleator - splay tree, amortized analysis Arne Sølvberg - information modelling Brian Cantwell Smith - reflection (computer science), 3lisp Karen Sparck-Jones - Information Retrieval, Natural Language Processing Steven Spewak - Enterprise Architecture Planning Robert Sproull Maciej Stachowiak - GNOME, Safari, WebKit Richard Stallman - GNU Project Ronald Stamper Richard Stearns - computational complexity theory Guy L. Steele, Jr. - Scheme, Common Lisp Thomas Sterling - Creator of Beowulf clusters Larry Stockmeyer - computational complexity, distributed computing Michael Stonebraker - relational database practice and theory Christopher Strachey - denotational semantics Bjarne Stroustrup - C++ Madhu Sudan - computational complexity theory, coding theory Gerald Jay Sussman - Scheme Bert Sutherland - graphics, Internet Ivan Sutherland - graphics Mario Szegedy - complexity theory, quantum computing

Andrew S. Tanenbaum - operating systems, MINIX Robert Tarjan - splay tree Shang-Hua Teng - analysis of algorithms Larry Tesler - human-computer interaction, graphical user interface, Apple Macintosh Avie Tevanian - Mach kernel team, NeXT, Mac OS X Bruce H. Thomas - wearable computers, augmented reality Ken Thompson - Unix Walter F. Tichy - RCS Seinosuke Toda - computation complexity, recipient of 1998 Gödel Prize Linus Torvalds - Linux kernel, Git Godfried Toussaint - computational geometry - computational music therory Joseph F Traub - computational complexity of scientific problems John Tukey - FFT Murray Turoff - computer-mediated communication Alan Turing - British pioneer, Turing Machine

Jeffrey D. Ullman - compilers, databases, complexity theory

Leslie Valiant - computational complexity theory, computational learning theory Srinidhi Varadarajan - System X: VirginiaTech's Power Mac G5 Supercluster François Vernadat - enterprise modeling Richard Veryard - enterprise modeling

Philip Wadler - functional programming David Wagner - security, cryptography Larry Wall - Perl James Z. Wang David H. D. Warren - AI, "logic" programming, Prolog, the 'W' in WAM Kevin Warwick - artificial intelligence Jan Weglarz Jie Wu - computer networks Peter Wegner - object-oriented programming, interaction (computer science) Peter J. Weinberger - programming language design, the 'w' in AWK Mark Weiser - ubiquitous computing Joseph Weizenbaum - artificial intelligence, ELIZA Steve Whittaker - Human Computer Interaction, Computer Support for Cooperative Work, Social Media Adriaan van Wijngaarden - Dutch pioneer; ARRA, ALGOL Mary Allen Wilkes - LINC developer, assembler-linker designer Maurice Vincent Wilkes - microprogramming, EDSAC Yorick Wilks - computational linguistics, artificial intelligence Manfred K. Warmuth - computational learning theory James H. Wilkinson - numerical analysis Sophie Wilson Shmuel Winograd - Coppersmith-Winograd algorithm Terry Winograd - artificial intelligence, SHRDLU Niklaus Wirth - Pascal, Modula, Oberon (programming language) Dennis E. Wisnosky - Integrated Computer-Aided Manufacturing (ICAM), IDEF Stephen Wolfram - Mathematica William Wulf - compilers William Gropp - Message Passing Interface , PETSc

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. Leuci Wong Xang - Artificial Intelligence(Korean researcher)

Tao Yang Alec Yasinsac - security Andrew Chi-Chih Yao Edward Yourdon - Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method

Lotfi Zadeh - fuzzy logic Arif Zaman - Pseudo-random number generator Albert Zomaya - Australian pioneer of scheduling in parallel and distributed systems Konrad Zuse - German pioneer of hardware and software

See also

Academic genealogy of computer scientists List of pioneers in computer science List of programming language researchers List of members of the National Academy of Sciences (Computer and information sciences) List of programmers List of computing people List of important publications in computer science List of Russian IT developers [संपादन]References

^ http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/22052.wss ^ http://www.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_people.html